• Article  

      Are Mental Contents Carried by Neural Vehicles? 

      Raftopoulos, Athanassios (Global Science & Technology Forum, 2017)
      Any discussion concerning representations in cognitive psychology and science assumes that mental representational contents are carried by brain representational vehicles. Recently Sedivy attacked the view that mental ...
    • Conference Object  

      Atherosclerotic carotid plaque segmentation 

      Loizou, Christos P.; Pattichis, Constantinos S.; Istepanian, Robert Sh Habib; Pantzaris, Marios C.; Nicolaïdes, Andrew N. (2004)
      Atherosclerosis is the major cause of heart attack and stroke in the western world. In this paper we present a computerized method for segmenting the athrerosclerotic carotid plaque from ultrasound images. The method uses ...
    • Article  

      Biological sex affects the neurobiology of autism 

      Lai,Meng-Chuan; Lombardo,Michael V.; Suckling,John; Ruigrok,Amber N. V.; Chakrabarti,B.; Ecker,C.; Deoni,Sean C. L.; Craig, Michael C.; Murphy,Declan G. M.; Bullmore,Edward T.; Baron-Cohen,Simon (2013)
      In autism, heterogeneity is the rule rather than the exception. One obvious source of heterogeneity is biological sex. Since autism was first recognized, males with autism have disproportionately skewed research. Females ...
    • Article  

      Biphasic modeling of brain tumor biomechanics and response to radiation treatment 

      Angeli, S.; Stylianopoulos, T. (2016)
      Biomechanical forces are central in tumor progression and response to treatment. This becomes more important in brain cancers where tumors are surrounded by tissues with different mechanical properties. Existing mathematical ...
    • Article  

      Classification capacity of a modular neural network implementing neurally inspired architecture and training rules 

      Poirazi, Panayiota; Neocleous, Costas K.; Pattichis, Constantinos S.; Schizas, Christos N. (2004)
      A three-layer neural network (NN) with novel adaptive architecture has been developed. The hidden layer of the network consists of slabs of single neuron models, where neurons within a slab-but not between slabs- have the ...
    • Article  

      Coefficient of variation vs. mean interspike interval curves: What do they tell use about the brain? 

      Christodoulou, Chris C.; Bugmann, G. (2001)
      A number of models have been produced recently to explain the high variability of natural spike trains (Softky and Koch, J. Neurosci. 13 (1) (1993) 334). These models use a range of different biological mechanisms including ...
    • Conference Object  

      Computational modeling of visual selective attention 

      Neokleous,Kleanthis C.; Schizas, Christos N. (2011)
      An overview of a nerocomputational model of visual selective attention that has been properly implemented is presented in this abstract. Visual selective attention is a fundamental function of human cognition and a highly ...
    • Article  

      Computational modeling of visual selective attention based on correlation and synchronization of neural activity 

      Neokleous,Kleanthis C.; Avraamides, Marios N.; Schizas, Christos N. (2009)
      Within the broad area of computational intelligence, it is of great importance to develop new computational models of human behaviour aspects. In this report we look into the recently suggested theory that neural synchronization ...
    • Article  

      Experimental measurements and mathematical modeling towards quantification of brain swelling stress 

      Angeli, S.; Stylianopoulos, T. (2017)
      Traumatic brain injury results in brain tissue swelling which can be a life threatening condition due to skull confinement. While previous efforts successfully measured the exhibited volume change in brain tissue swelling, ...
    • Article  

      General and specific effects of early-life psychosocial adversities on adolescent grey matter volume 

      Walsh, Nicholas D.; Dalgleish, Tim; Lombardo,Michael V.; Dunn, Valerie J.; Van Harmelen, Anne-Laura; Ban, Maria; Goodyer, Ian M. (2014)
      Exposure to childhood adversities (CA) is associated with subsequent alterations in regional brain grey matter volume (GMV). Prior studies have focused mainly on severe neglect and maltreatment. The aim of this study was ...
    • Article  

      Imaging sex/gender and autism in the brain: Etiological implications 

      Lai,Meng-Chuan; Lerch, Jason P.; Floris, Dorothea L.; Ruigrok,Amber N. V.; Pohl, A.; Lombardo,Michael V.; Baron-Cohen,Simon (2017)
      The male preponderance in autism prevalence has brought together the disparate topics of sex/gender and autism research. Two directions of neuroimaging studies on the relationships between sex/gender and autism may inform ...
    • Doctoral Thesis  Open Access

      In vitro investigation of the role of Ras Suppressor-1 (RSU-1) and Integrin-Linked kinase (ILK) in glioma progression and invasion 

      Louca, Maria A. (Πανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου, Πολυτεχνική Σχολή / University of Cyprus, Faculty of Engineering, 2019-12)
      Το πολύμορφο γλοιοβλάστωμα (Glioblastoma multiforme-GBM) είναι ο πιο επιθετικός τύπος καρκίνου του εγκεφάλου λόγω της ικανότητας των κυττάρων του να διεισδύουν σε γειτονικούς ιστούς. H μέση επιβίωση για τους ασθενείς είναι ...
    • Article  

      A meta-analysis of sex differences in human brain structure 

      Ruigrok, Amber N. V.; Salimi-Khorshidi, G.; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Lombardo, Michael V.; Tait, Roger J.; Suckling, John (2014)
      The prevalence, age of onset, and symptomatology of many neuropsychiatric conditions differ between males and females. To understand the causes and consequences of sex differences it is important to establish where they ...
    • Conference Object  

      Modelling of the high firing variability of real cortical neurons with the temporal noisy-leaky integrator neuron model 

      Christodoulou, Chris C.; Clarkson, Trevor G.; Bugmann, Guido; Taylor, John G. (IEEE, 1994)
      Using the Temporal Noisy-Leaky Integrator (TNLI) neuron model with reset, we observed that high firing variability can be achieved for certain input parameter values which results from the temporal summation of noise in ...
    • Article  

      A neural network computational model of visual selective attention 

      Neokleous, Kleanthis C.; Avraamides, Marios N.; Neocleous, Costas K.; Schizas, Christos N. (2009)
      One challenging application for Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) would be to try and actually mimic the behaviour of the system that has inspired their creation as computational algorithms. That is to use ANN in order to ...
    • Article  

      A neural network model of the Attentional Blink phenomenon 

      Neokleous, Kleanthis C.; Avraamides, Marios N.; Neokleous, Kleanthis C.; Schizas, Christos N. (2009)
      The Attentional Blink refers to the finding that the perception of a target stimulus is often impaired when it is presented within a temporal window of 200-500 ms following another successfully-perceived stimulus. This ...
    • Article  

      Novel lipophilic amidate oxorhenium and oxotechnetium complexes as potential brain agents: Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation 

      Papadopoulos, Minas S.; Nock, B.; Maina-Nock, Theodosia; Pirmettis, Ioannis C.; Raptopoulou, Catherine P.; Tasiopoulos, Anastasios J.; Troganis, Anastassios N.; Kabanos, Themistoklis A.; Terzis, Aris; Chiotellis, Efstratios (2001)
      Novel oxorhenium and oxotechnetium complexes based on the tetradentate 1-(2-hydroxybenzamido)-2-(pyridinecarboxamido)benzene, H3L, ligand have been synthesized and characterized herein. Thus, by reacting equimolar quantities ...
    • Conference Object  

      An overview of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging analysis studies in the assessment of alzheimer’s disease 

      Leandrou, Stephanos; Petroudi, Styliani; Kyriacou, Panicos A.; Reyes-Aldasoro, C. C.; Pattichis, Constantinos S. (Springer Verlag, 2016)
      Medical image analysis and visualization, can contribute in quantitative and qualitative analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) towards an earlier diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Moreover, the early detection ...
    • Article  

      Puberty Predicts Approach But Not Avoidance on the Iowa Gambling Task in a Multinational Sample 

      Icenogle, G.; Steinberg, L.; Olino, T. M.; Shulman, E. P.; Chein, Jason; Alampay, L. P.; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Takash, H. M. S.; Bacchini, Dario; Chang, L.; Chaudhary, N.; Di Giunta, Laura; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Fanti, Kostas A.; Lansford, J. E.; Malone, Patrick S.; Oburu, Paul; Pastorelli, Concetta; Skinner, Ann T.; Sorbring, Emma; Tapanya, Sombat; Uribe Tirado, Liliana Maria (Blackwell Publishing Inc, 2016)
      According to the dual systems model of adolescent risk taking, sensation seeking and impulse control follow different developmental trajectories across adolescence and are governed by two different brain systems. The authors ...
    • Article  

      Radiopharmaceuticals in neurological and psychiatric disorders 

      Valotassiou, Varvara; Wozniak, Greta; Sifakis, N.; Demakopoulos, Nikolaos; Georgoulias, Panagiotis (2008)
      The development of functional brain nuclear medicine techniques and their application in the investigation of neuropsychiatric disorders, have contributed significantly in the illumination of the underlying pathophysiological ...