Browsing by Subject "Error patterns"
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(Center for Research on Evaluation Standards and Student Testing CRESST, 2004)There is variability in the estimation of an equating transformation because common-item parameters are obtained from responses of samples of examinees. The most commonly used standard error of equating quantifies this ...
(2001)This paper proposes a sub-optimal maximum likelihood decoding algorithm for linear block codes. Given reliability information about each bit in the received word, our approach initially finds the set of most reliable "basis" ...