• Article  

      Evaluation of estrogenic activity of plant extracts for the potential treatment of menopausal symptoms 

      Liu, J.; Burdette, J. E.; Xu, H.; Gu, C.; Van Breemen, R. B.; Bhat, K. P. L.; Booth, N.; Constantinou, Andreas I.; Pezzuto, J. M.; Fong, H. H. S.; Farnsworth, N. R.; Bolton, J. L. (2001)
      Eight botanical preparations that are commonly used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms were tested for estrogenic activity. Methanol extracts of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), chasteberry (Vitex agnus-castus ...
    • Article  

      A preliminary RAPD-PCR analysis of Cimicifuga species and other botanicals used for women's health 

      Xu, H.; Fabricant, D. S.; Piersen, C. E.; Bolton, J. L.; Pezzuto, J. M.; Fong, H.; Totura, S.; Farnsworth, N. R.; Constantinou, Andreas I. (2002)
      Traditional taxonomic methods of botanical identification that rely primarily on morphological observations cannot be used efficiently when only powdered plant materials are available. Thus, our objectives were to determine ...
    • Article  

      Trifolium pratense (red clover) exhibits estrogenic effects in vivo in ovariectomized sprague-dawley rats 

      Burdette, J. E.; Liu, J.; Lantvit, D.; Lim, E.; Booth, N.; Bhat, K. P. L.; Hedayat, S.; Van Breemen, R. B.; Constantinou, Andreas I.; Pezzuto, J. M.; Farnsworth, N. R.; Bolton, J. L. (2002)
      Studies were conducted using an ovariectomized rat model to determine the estrogenic and antiestrogenic activity of Trifolium pratense L. (red clover) extracts. A red clover extract, standardized to contain 15% isoflavones ...