• Article  

      Cellular HIV-1 DNA levels in drug sensitive strains are equivalent to those in drug resistant strains in newly-diagnosed patients in Europe 

      Demetriou, Victoria L.; van de Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Balotta, Claudia; Clotet, B.; Grossman, Z.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Lepej, S. Z.; Levy, I.; Nielsen, C.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Poljak, M.; Roman, F.; Ruiz, L.; Schmidt, J. -C; Vandamme, A. -M; van Laethem, K. V.; Vercauteren, J.; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2010)
      Background HIV-1 genotypic drug resistance is an important threat to the success of antiretroviral therapy and transmitted resistance has reached 9% prevalence in Europe. Studies have demonstrated that HIV-1 DNA load in ...
    • Article  

      Cellular HIV-1 DNA load predicts HIV-RNA rebound and the outcome of highly active antiretroviral therapy 

      Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Touloumi, G.; Pantazis, N.; Anastassopoulou, C. G.; Katsarou, O.; Karafoulidou, A.; Goedert, J. J.; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2004)
      Objective: To assess whether cellular HIV-1 DNA prior to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) initiation predicts its outcome. Design and methods: Patients included all 51 hemophiliacs of the Greek component of the ...
    • Article  

      Computational design of novel fullerene analogues as potential HIV-1 PR inhibitors: Analysis of the binding interactions between fullerene inhibitors and HIV-1 PR residues using 3D QSAR, molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations 

      Durdagi, S.; Mavromoustakos, Thomas M.; Chronakis, Nikos; Papadopoulos, Manthos G. (2008)
      A series of experimentally reported as well as computationally designed monoadducts and bisadducts of [60]fullerene analogues have been used in order to analyze the binding interactions between fullerene based inhibitors ...
    • Article  

      Increase in transmitted resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors among newly diagnosed HIV-1 infections in Europe 

      Moutschen, M.; Frentz, D.; Van de Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Abecasis, A. B.; Albert, Jan; Hamouda, O.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Ku¨cherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Vercauteren, J.; A˚sjo¨, B.; Balotta, Claudia; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Coughlan, S.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Kolupajeva, T.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Liitsola, K.; Linka, M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Sto¨ckl, E.; So¨nnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Boucher, C. A. B.; Puchhammer-Stockl, E.; Sarcletti, M.; Schmied, B.; Geit, M.; Balluch, G.; Vandamme, A. -M; Vercauteren, J.; Derdelinckx, I.; Sasse, A.; Bogaert, M.; Ceunen, H.; De Roo, A.; De Wit, S.; Echahidi, F.; Fransen, K.; Goffard, J. -C; Goubau, P.; Goudeseune, E.; Yombi, J. -C; Lacor, P.; Liesnard, C.; Pierard, D.; Rens, R.; Schrooten, Y.; Vaira, D.; Vandekerckhove, L. P. R.; Van den Heuvel, A.; Van Der Gucht, B.; Van Ranst, M.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Vandercam, B.; Vekemans, M.; Verhofstede, C.; Clumeck, N.; Van Laethem, K.; Demetriades, Ioannis; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Demetriou, Victoria L.; Hezka, Johana; Bruckova, M.; Linka, M.; Machala, L.; Nielsen, C.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Gerstoft, J.; Mathiesen, L.; Pedersen, C.; Nielsen, H.; Laursen, A.; Kvinesdal, B.; Salminen, M.; Ristola, M.; Liitsola, K.; Suni, J.; Sutinen, J.; Korn, K.; Ku¨cherer, C.; Berg, T.; Braun, P.; Poggensee, G.; Da¨umer, M.; Eberle, J.; Heiken, H.; Kaiser, R.; Knechten, H.; Mu¨ller, H.; Neifer, S.; Schmidt, B.; Walter, H.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Harrer, T.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Magiorkinis, Emmanouil N.; Hatzitheodorou, Eleni; Haida, Catherine; Zavitsanou, Assimina; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Lazanas, Marios C.; Chini, Maria C.; Magafas, N.; Tsogas, Nickolaos; Paparizos, Vassilios A.; Kourkounti, Sofia; Antoniadou, Anastasia C.; Papadopoulos, Antonios I.; Panagopoulos, Periklis; Poulakou, Garyphallia G.; Sakka, V.; Chryssos, Georgios; Drimis, Stylianos; Gargalianos, Panagiotis; Lelekis, Moyssis I.; Chilomenos, G.; Psichogiou, Mina A.; Daikos, George L.; Panos, George; Haratsis, G.; Kordossis, Theodore; Kontos, Athanasios N.; Koratzanis, Georgios; Theodoridou, Maria C.; Mostrou, Glykeria J.; Spoulou, Vana I.; Coughlan, S.; De Gascun, C.; Byrne, C.; Duffy, M.; Bergin, C.; Reidy, D.; Farrell, G.; Lambert, J.; O'Connor, E.; Rochford, A.; Low, J.; Coakely, P.; O'Dea, S.; Hall, W.; Grossman, Z.; Levi, I.; Chemtob, D.; Balotta, Claudia; Riva, C.; Mussini, C.; Caramma, I.; Capetti, A.; Colombo, M. C.; Rossi, C.; Prati, F.; Tramuto, F.; Vitale, F.; Ciccozzi, M.; Angarano, G.; Rezza, G.; Schmit, J. C.; Struck, D.; Hemmer, R.; Arendt, V.; Staub, T.; Schneider, F.; Roman, F.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Boucher, C. A. B.; van Kessel, A.; van Bentum, P. H. M.; Brinkman, K.; op de Coul, E. L.; van der Ende, M. E.; Hoepelman, I.; van Kasteren, M.; Juttmann, J.; Kuipers, M.; Langebeek, N.; Richter, C.; Santegoets, R.; Schrijnders-Gudde, L.; Schuurman, R.; van de Ven, B. J. M.; A˚sjo¨, B.; Ormaasen, V.; Aavitsland, P.; Horban, A.; Stanczak, J. J.; Stanczak, G. P.; Firlag-Burkacka, E.; Wiercinska-Drapalo, A.; Jablonowska, E.; Malolepsza, E.; Leszczyszyn-Pynka, M.; Szata, W.; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Palma, C.; Borges, F.; Paixa&tild; o, T.; Duque, V.; Araújo, F.; Jevtovic, D.; Salemovic, D.; Stanekova, D.; Habekova, M.; Mokráš, Miloš; Truska, P.; Poljak, M.; Lunar, M.; Babic, Dunja Z.; Tomazic, J.; Vidmar, L.; Vovko, T.; Karner, P.; Clotet, B.; Domingo, P.; Galindo, M. J.; Miralles, C.; del Pozo, M. A.; Ribera, E.; Iribarren, J. A.; Ruiz, L.; de la Torre, J.; Vidal, F.; Garcia, F.; Paredes, R.; Albert, Jan; Heidarian, A.; Aperia-Peipke, K.; Axelsson, M.; Mild, M.; Karlsson, A.; So¨nnerborg, A.; Thalme, A.; Nave´r, L.; Bratt, G.; Karlsson, A.; Blaxhult, A.; Gissle´n, M.; Svennerholm, B.; Bergbrant, I.; Björkman, Per; Sa¨ll, C.; Mellgren, A˚; Lindholm, A.; Kuylenstierna, N.; Montelius, R.; Azimi, F.; Johansson, B.; Carlsson, M.; Johansson, E.; Ljungberg, B.; Ekvall, H.; Strand, A.; Ma¨kitalo, S.; o¨berg, S.; Holmblad, P.; Ho¨fer, M.; Holmberg, H.; Josefson, P.; Ryding, U. (2014)
      Background: One out of ten newly diagnosed patients in Europe was infected with a virus carrying a drug resistant mutation. We analysed the patterns over time for transmitted drug resistance mutations (TDRM) using data ...
    • Article  

      Molecular characterization of HIV type 1 strains from newly diagnosed patients in Cyprus (2007-2009) recovers multiple clades including unique recombinant strains and lack of transmitted drug resistance 

      Kousiappa, Ioanna; Achilleos, Charis; Hezka, Johana; Lazarou, Yiota; Othonos, Katerina M.; Demetriades, Ioannis; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2011)
      HIV-1 evolution generates substantial genetic diversity among isolates, the majority of which are represented in areas where multiple strains cocirculate. A heterogeneous genetic HIV-1 pool has been found in Cyprus, directing ...
    • Article  

      Patterns of transmitted HIV drug resistance in Europe vary by risk group 

      Frentz, D.; Van De Vijver, D.; Abecasis, A. B.; Albert, Jan; Hamouda, O.; Jørgensen, L.; Kücherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Vercauteren, J.; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Bergin, C.; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Kolupajeva, T.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Linka, K. L. M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Sönnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Vandamme, A. -M; Boucher, C.; Wensing, A. (2014)
      Background: In Europe, a continuous programme (SPREAD) has been in place for ten years to study transmission of drug resistant HIV. We analysed time trends of transmitted drug resistance mutations (TDRM) in relation to the ...
    • Article  

      Primary resistance to integrase strand-transfer inhibitors in Europe 

      Moutschen, M.; Casadellà, M.; van Ham, P. M.; Noguera-Julian, M.; van Kessel, A.; Pou, C.; Hofstra, Laura Marije Arije; Santos, J. R.; Garcia, F.; Struck, D.; Alexiev, Ivailo; Bakken Kran, A. M.; Hoepelman, A. I.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Somogyi, Sybille; Liitsola, K.; Linka, M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Staneková, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Van Laethem, K.; Zidovec Lepej, S.; Clotet, B.; Boucher, C. A. B.; Paredes, R.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Sarcletti, M.; Schmied, B.; Geit, M.; Balluch, G.; Vandamme, A. M.; Vercauteren, J.; Derdelinckx, I.; Sasse, A.; Bogaert, M.; Ceunen, H.; De Roo, A.; De Wit, S.; Echahidi, F.; Fransen, K.; Goffard, J. C.; Goubau, P.; Goudeseune, E.; Yombi, J. C.; Lacor, P.; Liesnard, C.; Pierard, D.; Rens, R.; Schrooten, Y.; Vaira, D.; Vandekerckhove, L. P.; Van den Heuvel, A.; Van Der Gucht, B.; Van Ranst, M.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Vandercam, B.; Vekemans, M.; Verhofstede, C.; Clumeck, N.; Van Laethem, K.; Beshkov, Danail; Alexiev, Ivailo; Zidovec Lepej, S.; Begovac, J.; Demetriades, Ioannis; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Demetriou, Victoria L.; Hezka, Johana; Linka, M.; Machala, L.; Maly, M.; Nielsen, C.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Gerstoft, J.; Mathiesen, L.; Pedersen, C.; Nielsen, H.; Laursen, A.; Kvinesdal, B.; Liitsola, K.; Ristola, M.; Suni, J.; Sutinen, J.; Hamouda, O.; Kücherer, C.; Berg, T.; Braun, P.; Poggensee, G.; Däumer, M.; Eberle, J.; Heiken, H.; Kaiser, R.; Knechten, H.; Korn, K.; Müller, H.; Neifer, S.; Schmidt, B.; Walter, H.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Harrer, T.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Magiorkinis, Emmanouil N.; Hatzitheodorou, Eleni; Haida, Catherine; Zavitsanou, Assimina; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Lazanas, Marios C.; Chini, Maria C.; Magafas, N.; Tsogas, Nickolaos; Paparizos, Vassilios A.; Kourkounti, Sofia; Antoniadou, Anastasia C.; Papadopoulos, Antonios I.; Panagopoulos, Periklis; Poulakou, Garyphallia G.; Sakka, V.; Chryssos, Georgios; Drimis, Stylianos; Gargalianos, Panagiotis; Lelekis, Moyssis I.; Chilomenos, G.; Psichogiou, Mina A.; Daikos, George L.; Sabatakou, H.; Panos, George; Haratsis, G.; Kordossis, Theodore; Kontos, Athanasios N.; Koratzanis, Georgios; Theodoridou, Maria C.; Mostrou, Glykeria J.; Spoulou, Vana I.; Schmit, J. C.; Struck, D.; Hemmer, R.; Arendt, V.; Staub, T.; Schneider, F.; Roman, F.; Wensing, A. M.; Boucher, C. A.; van de Vijver, D. A.; van Kessel, A.; van, P. H.; Brinkman, K.; Op de, E. L.; van der Ende, M. E.; Hoepelman, I. M.; van Kasteren, M.; Juttmann, J.; Kuipers, M.; Langebeek, N.; Richter, C.; Santegoets, R. M.; Schrijnders-Gudde, L.; Schuurman, R.; van de Ven, B. J.; Åsjö, Birgitta; Bakken, A. M.; Ormaasen, V.; Aavitsland, P.; Otelea, D.; Paraschiv, S.; Tudor, A. M.; Jevtovic, D.; Salemovic, D.; Stanekova, D.; Habekova, M.; Mokráš, Miloš; Truska, P.; Poljak, M.; Lunar, M.; Babic, Dunja Z.; Tomazic, J.; Vidmar, L.; Vovko, T.; Karner, P.; Clotet, B.; Garcia, F.; Domingo, P.; Galindo, M. J.; Miralles, C.; Del, M. A.; Ribera, E.; Iribarren, J. A.; Ruiz, L.; de la Torre, J.; Vidal, F.; Garcia, F.; Paredes, R. (2015)
      Objectives: The objective of this study was to define the natural genotypic variation of the HIV-1 integrase gene across Europe for epidemiological surveillance of integrase strand-transfer inhibitor (InSTI) resistance. ...
    • Article  

      Short communication: Molecular epidemiology of HIV type 1 infection in northern Greece (2009-2010): Evidence of a transmission cluster of HIV Type 1 Subtype A1 drug-resistant strains among men who have sex with men 

      Antoniadou, Zoi Anna; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Skoura, Lemonia G.; Pilalas, Dimitrios; Metallidis, Simeon A.; Nicolaidis, Pavlos; Malisiovas, Nikolaos; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2014)
      A prospective molecular epidemiology study of HIV-1 infection was conducted in newly diagnosed and antiretroviral-naive patients in Northern Greece between 2009 and 2010 using a predefined enrolling strategy. Phylogenetic ...
    • Article  

      Transmission of drug-resistant HIV-1 is stabilizing in Europe 

      Vercauteren, J.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Van De Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Albert, Jan; Balotta, Claudia; Hamouda, O.; Kücherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Åsjö, Birgitta; Bruckova, M.; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Coughlan, S.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Nielsen, C.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Riva, C.; Ruiz, L.; Salminen, M.; Schuurman, R.; Sonnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Vandamme, A. M.; Boucher, C. A. B. (2009)
      The SPREAD Programme investigated prospectively the time trend from September 2002 through December 2005 of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) among 2793 patients in 20 European countries and in Israel with newly diagnosed ...
    • Article  

      Trends and predictors of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) and clusters with TDR in a local Belgian HIV-1 epidemic 

      Pineda-Peña, A. -C; Schrooten, Y.; Vinken, L.; Ferreira, F.; Li, G.; Trovão, N. S.; Khouri, R.; Derdelinckx, I.; De Munter, P.; Kuc̈herer, C.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Nielsen, C.; Littsola, K.; Wensing, A.; Stanojevic, M.; Paredes, R.; Balotta, Claudia; Albert, Jan; Boucher, C.; Gomez-Lopez, A.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Van Ranst, M.; Vercauteren, J.; Vandamme, A. M.; Van Laethem, K. (2014)
      We aimed to study epidemic trends and predictors for transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in our region, its clinical impact and its association with transmission clusters. We included 778 patients from the AIDS Reference ...