Effects of hormonal treatment on lipids in patients with cancer
AuthorFilippatos, T. D.
Liberopoulos, E. N.
Elisaf, Moses S.
Mikhailidis, Dimitri P.
SourceCancer treatment reviews
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Patients with malignant disease may need hormonal therapy as primary or adjuvant treatment or for palliation. Oestrogens usually decrease serum levels of total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentration, but induce an elevation in serum triglyceride (TG) levels. Progestogens in the short-term decrease TC, LDL-C and HDL-C concentrations, and increase TG levels. In long-term treatment, progestogens usually have a small impact on lipid profile. Tamoxifen induces a decrease in TC and LDL-C levels, an increase in TG concentration, whereas either an increase, decrease or no change has been reported for HDL-C levels. Aromatase inhibitors induce an elevation, reduction or no change in lipid variables. These results depend mainly on the trial design, i.e. whether patients received prior treatment with tamoxifen or not and the duration of therapy. Gonadorelin analogues increase all lipid variables, but LDL-C alterations are usually non-significant. Anti-androgens usually decrease TC, LDL-C and HDL-C levels, whereas TG alterations vary. Information regarding the effects on lipid profile of somatostatin analogues is available almost exclusively in patients with acromegaly. In these patients somatostatin analogues usually induce no change or a decrease in TC and LDL-C levels, whereas they increase HDL-C and decrease TG serum concentrations. Oncologists should consider the lifestyle changes, and if needed hypolipidemic treatment, used to lower cardiovascular risk in non-cancer patients. Tamoxifen may rarely cause serious TG-related side effects, like acute pancreatitis. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pentheroudakis, George; Mauri, D.; Kostadima, Lida; Golfinopoulos, Vassilis; Alexiou, G.; Karakatsanis, A.; Pavlidis, Nicholas (2006)Introduction: Despite unique tumor epidemiology and a higher cancer incidence compared to pediatric patients, adolescents and young adults have not been receiving specialized, multidisciplinary, centralized care. In an ...
Pavlidis, Nicholas; Pentheroudakis, George (2012)Cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) is a well recognised clinical disorder, accounting for 3-5 of all malignant epithelial tumours. CUP is clinically characterised as an aggressive disease with early dissemination. ...
Pavlidis, Nicholas; Fizazi, K. (2009)Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is one of the 10 most frequent cancers worldwide. It constitutes 3-5% of all human malignancies. Patients with CUP present with metastases without an established primary site. CUP manifests ...