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dc.contributor.authorMasgala, Aikaterinien
dc.contributor.authorChronopoulos, Efstathiosen
dc.contributor.authorNikolopoulos, Georgios K.en
dc.contributor.authorSourlas, J.en
dc.contributor.authorLallos, Stergiosen
dc.contributor.authorBrilakis, Emmanuelen
dc.contributor.authorLazarettos, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorEfstathopoulos, Nikolaosen
dc.creatorMasgala, Aikaterinien
dc.creatorChronopoulos, Efstathiosen
dc.creatorNikolopoulos, Georgios K.en
dc.creatorSourlas, J.en
dc.creatorLallos, Stergiosen
dc.creatorBrilakis, Emmanuelen
dc.creatorLazarettos, Johnen
dc.creatorEfstathopoulos, Nikolaosen
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-22T09:53:59Z
dc.date.available2018-06-22T09:53:59Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.urihttps://gnosis.library.ucy.ac.cy/handle/7/42134
dc.description.abstractThe incidence of surgical site infection and urinary tract infection following orthopaedic procedures has diminished in recent years due to modern antimicrobial prophylaxis. We conducted a case-control study (100 cases, 100 controls) in order to evaluate the risk factors associated with infection after orthopaedic procedures. The following risk factors were defined: gender, age, comorbidities [rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, obesity (>30 kg/m2), peripheral vessel disease], pre- and post-operative glucose levels, pre-operative and post-operative length of stay (days), duration (days) of urinary catheterization, type of parenteral antibiotic prophylaxis (cefotaxime or vancomycin), time of surgery (elective or scheduled), American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Score (0-3), type of surgery (fracture osteosynthesis, joint replacement, spinal surgery, other), and the type of anesthesia administered (general, epidural, spinal).Urinary tract infection was the most frequent post-surgical infection (71 out of 100 cases) followed by surgical site infection (15 out of 100 cases). Using the multivariable logistic regression model, we found out that only the type of chemoprophylaxis was statistically significant risk factor (p<0.001) associated with post-surgical infection. More specifically, the use of vancomycin instead of cephalosporin is associated with a lower risk of infection.en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.sourceCentral European journal of public healthen
dc.subjectGreeceen
dc.subjectMethodologyen
dc.subjectAgeen
dc.subjectAge factorsen
dc.subjectArticleen
dc.subjectHumanen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectAgeden
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectCase-control studiesen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectCase control studyen
dc.subjectIncidenceen
dc.subjectLogistic modelsen
dc.subjectStatistical modelen
dc.subjectSex differenceen
dc.subjectChi-square distributionen
dc.subjectRisk factoren
dc.subjectSex factorsen
dc.subjectInfectionen
dc.subjectAntibiotic prophylaxisen
dc.subjectGlucose blood levelen
dc.subjectComorbidityen
dc.subjectUrinary tract infectionen
dc.subjectRisk factorsen
dc.subjectStatisticsen
dc.subjectSurgical wound infectionen
dc.subjectAnesthesiaen
dc.subjectBlood glucoseen
dc.subjectChi square distributionen
dc.subjectLength of stayen
dc.subjectOrthopaedicen
dc.subjectOrthopedic proceduresen
dc.subjectOrthopedic surgeryen
dc.subjectPost-surgicalen
dc.subjectSurgical infectionen
dc.subjectUrinary tract infectionsen
dc.titleRisk factors affecting the incidence of infection after orthopaedic surgery: The role of chemoprophylaxisen
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.description.volume20
dc.description.issue4
dc.description.startingpage252
dc.description.endingpage256
dc.author.facultyΙατρική Σχολή / Medical School
dc.type.uhtypeArticleen
dc.contributor.orcidNikolopoulos, Georgios K.[0000-0002-3307-0246]


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