Rank-Deficient Solutions for Optimal Signaling over Wiretap MIMO Channels
Charalambous, Charalambos D.
SourceIEEE Transactions on Communications
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Capacity-achieving signaling strategies for the Gaussian wiretap multiple-input multple-output (MIMO) channel are investigated without the degradedness assumption. In addition to known solutions, a number of new rank-deficient solutions for the optimal transmit covariance matrix are obtained. The case of a weak eavesdropper is considered in detail, and the optimal covariance is established in an explicit, closed form with no extra assumptions. This provides lower and upper bounds to the secrecy capacity in the general case with a bounded gap, which are tight for a weak eavesdropper or/and low SNR. Closed-form solutions are also obtained for isotropic and omnidirectional eavesdroppers, based on which lower and upper bounds to the secrecy capacity are established in the general case. Sufficient and necessary conditions for the optimality of three popular transmission techniques, namely, the zero-forcing (ZF), the standard water-filling over the channel eigenmodes, and the isotropic signaling (IS), are established for the MIMO wiretap channel. These solutions are appealing due to their lower complexity. In particular, no wiretap codes are needed for the ZF transmission, and no precoding or feedback is needed for the isotropic signaling. © 2016 IEEE.
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