Design and analysis of a fault isolation scheme for a class of uncertain nonlinear systems
Polycarpou, Marios M.
SourceAnnual Reviews in Control
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This paper presents a unified fault isolation scheme for handling both process faults and sensor faults in a class of uncertain nonlinear systems. The proposed fault diagnosis architecture consists of a fault detection estimator and a bank of isolation estimators, each corresponding to a particular fault type. The design of the fault isolation decision scheme is based on the derivation of appropriate adaptive thresholds for each fault isolation estimator. Fault isolability conditions characterizing the class of process faults and sensor faults that are isolable by the proposed scheme are derived. A rigorous isolability analysis is presented via the use of the so-called fault mismatch functions, which are defined between pairs of possible faults. A simulation example is used to illustrate the proposed fault isolation scheme. "