Structural threshold regression
Tan, Chih Ming
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This paper introduces the structural threshold regression (STR) model that allows for an endogenous threshold variable as well as for endogenous regressors. This model provides a parsimonious way of modeling nonlinearities and has many potential applications in economics and finance. Our framework can be viewed as a generalization of the simple threshold regression framework of Hansen (2000, Econometrica 68, 575-603) and Caner and Hansen (2004, Econometric Theory 20, 813-843) to allow for the endogeneity of the threshold variable and regime-specific heteroskedasticity. Our estimation of the threshold parameter is based on a two-stage concentrated least squares method that involves an inverse Mills ratio bias correction term in each regime. We derive its asymptotic distribution and propose a method to construct confidence intervals. We also provide inference for the slope parameters based on a generalized method of moments. Finally, we investigate the performance of the asymptotic approximations using a Monte Carlo simulation, which shows the applicability of the method in finite samples. Copyright © 2015 Cambridge University Press.