AuthorSinclair, Thomas A.
SourceEncyclopaedia of Islam Online
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Ağrı is a province (il) in present-day eastern Turkey, near the border with Iran and south of the plain of Kars. It consists primarily of a fertile plain (alt. c. 1,800 metres) surrounded by mountain slopes. In the Islamic period, the region's chief settlements were Alashkert and Bayazıt (Bāyezīd, present-day Doğubayazıt). Alashkert (Arm. VałaršakertPers. ValāshjīrdAr. Ḥisn al-Tibn, or “Straw Castle”Ott. Alaşgird, also called Toprakkale, Ṭopraq-qalʿe, or “Earth Castle”) was located near th...