Near Poisson-type firing produced by concurrent excitation and inhibition
AuthorChristodoulou, Chris C.
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The effect of inhibition on the firing variability is examined in this paper using the biologically-inspired temporal noisy-leaky integrator (TNLI) neuron model. The TNLI incorporates hyperpolarising inhibition with negative current pulses of controlled shapes and it also separates dendritic from somatic integration. The firing variability is observed by looking at the coefficient of variation (CV) (standard deviation/mean interspike interval) as a function of the mean interspike interval of firing (ΔtM) and by comparing the results with the theoretical curve for random spike trains, as well as looking at the interspike interval (ISI) histogram distributions. The results show that with 80% inhibition, firing at high rates (up to 200 Hz) is nearly consistent with a Poisson-type variability, which complies with the analysis of cortical neuron firing recordings by Softky and Koch [1993, J. Neurosci. 13(1) 334-530]. We also demonstrate that the mechanism by which inhibition increases the CV values is by introducing more short intervals in the firing pattern as indicated by a small initial hump at the beginning of the ISI histogram distribution. The use of stochastic inputs and the separation of the dendritic and somatic integration which we model in TNLI, also affect the high firing, near Poisson-type (explained in the paper) variability produced. We have also found that partial dendritic reset increases slightly the firing variability especially at short ISIs. Copyright © 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.