Seasonal variation, chemical behavior and kinetics of uranium in an unconfined groundwater system
SourceJournal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
The seasonal changes in the concentration of uranium in an unconfined groundwater system in Cyprus have been investigated and compared to corresponding changes of boron and salinity, to better understand the chemical behavior of uranium in the respective system. Uranium concentration measurements were performed by alpha spectroscopy after selective pre-concentration, whereas boron concentration analysis and electrical conductivity measurements were carried out by photometry using azomethine-H and an electrical conductivity electrode, respectively. The experimental data show that seasonal variations are mainly related to rainwater infiltration and the specific chemical behavior of a species. Increased levels of uranium and boron in natural water systems are attributed to the increased stability of the uranium(VI)-carbonato complexes and the boric acid, which are in natural waters the predominant chemical species for uranium and boron, respectively. Dilution/dissolution processes govern the seasonal concentration changes of uranium and boron in a groundwater system, however redox-reactions resulting in the reduction of U(VI) to U(IV) affect significantly the concentration of uranium in the respective system, particularly under suboxic conditions. © 2013 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.