Spatial models for the variability of the significant wave height on the world oceans
SourceProceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference
17th 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007
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Significant wave height (Hs) is a measure of the variability of the ocean surface. Knowledge of the spatial and temporal characteristics of this field are multiple: it is useful to dimension offshore structures, to foresee the fatigue of the ship's hull depending on its route and season, or to compute probabilities of risks associated with marine operations. In this paper, we describe a method for modelling the Hs in space. The method is based on the Gaussian hypothesis for the logarithms of Hs and consists of estimating the mean and the covariance structure of log(Hs) using the information provided by the total variation. We then use the estimated parameters of every area in the world to construct maps of the median and the correlation structure. These maps are then used to compute the probability the Hs exceeds a pre-defined level, and the distribution of the length of a storm. The data used are that of the TOPEX-Poseidon satellite. Copyright ©2007 by The International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers(ISOPE).