Clustering of biological time series by cepstral coefficients based distances
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Clustering of stationary time series has become an important tool in many scientific applications, like medicine, finance, etc. Time series clustering methods are based on the calculation of suitable similarity measures which identify the distance between two or more time series. These measures are either computed in the time domain or in the spectral domain. Since the computation of time domain measures is rather cumbersome we resort to spectral domain methods. A new measure of distance is proposed and it is based on the so-called cepstral coefficients which carry information about the log spectrum of a stationary time series. These coefficients are estimated by means of a semiparametric model which assumes that the log-likelihood ratio of two or more unknown spectral densities has a linear parametric form. After estimation, the estimated cepstral distance measure is given as an input to a clustering method to produce the disjoint groups of data. Simulated examples show that the method yields good results, even when the processes are not necessarily linear. These cepstral-based clustering algorithms are applied to biological time series. In particular, the proposed methodology effectively identifies distinct and biologically relevant classes of amino acid sequences with the same physicochemical properties, such as hydrophobicity. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.