Capacity Achieving Distributions and Separation Principle for Feedback Gaussian Channels With Memory: the LQG Theory of Directed Information
AuthorCharalambous, Charalambos D.
Kourtellaris, Christos K.
SourceIEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
A method is developed to realize optimal channel input conditional distributions, which maximize the finite transmission feedback information (FTFI) capacity, often called $n$ -block length feedback capacity, by information lossless randomized strategies. The method is applied to compute closed form expressions for the FTFI capacity and feedback capacity, of nonstationary, nonergodic, unstable, multiple input multiple output Gaussian channels with memory on past channel outputs, subject to average transmission cost constraints of quadratic form in the channel inputs and outputs. It is shown that randomized strategies decompose into two orthogonal parts-an deterministic part, which controls the channel output process, and an innovation part, which transmits new information over the channel. Then a separation principle is shown between the computation of the optimal deterministic part and the random part of the optimal randomized strategies. Finally, the ergodic theory of linear-quadratic-Gaussian stochastic optimal control theory, is applied to identify sufficient conditions, expressed in terms of solutions to matrix difference and algebraic Riccati equations, so that the optimal control part of randomized strategies induces asymptotic stationarity and ergodicity, and feedback capacity is characterized by the per unit time limit of the FTFI capacity. The method reveals an interaction of the control and the information transmission parts of the optimal randomized strategies, and that whether feedback increases capacity, is directly related to the channel parameters and the transmission cost function, through the solutions of the matrix Riccati equations. For unstable channels, it is shown that feedback capacity exists and it is strictly positive, provided the power exceeds a critical threshold.