Numerical simulation of capillary helium and helium-oxygen atmospheric pressure plasma jets: propagation dynamics and interaction with dielectric
Chiper, A. S.
Georghiou, George E.
SourcePlasma Sources Science and Technology
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Atmospheric pressure plasma jets (APPJs) can be generated in capillary tubes flowing with pure helium and with admixtures of oxygen into the pure helium. The jet exiting the tube can be used for a variety of applications through surface interaction. In this study, a two-dimensional axi-symmetric model has been developed to provide insight into the evolution of capillary helium plasma jets with and without oxygen admixtures and their interaction with a dielectric surface placed normal to the jet axis. The model considers the gas mixing of helium and ambient air and the analytical chemistry between helium, nitrogen and oxygen species. Experiments were performed in conditions similar to those of the simulations in order to get qualitative agreement between them. The numerical and experimental results show that the evolution of the helium plasma jet is strongly affected by the introduction of oxygen admixtures. In particular, it was observed that the addition of oxygen admixtures in the helium gas promotes plasma bullet propagation on the axis of symmetry of the tube (in contrast to off-axis propagation for the pure helium plasma jet). On the other hand, the presence of the dielectric surface (a slab placed in front of the tube exit) forces the plasma bullet to spread radially. Furthermore, the plasma bullet speed decreases when the helium plasma jet is operated in the presence of oxygen admixtures. The numerical results also showed that He/O2 plasma jets induced much higher electric fields on the dielectric surface in comparison to the pure helium plasma jet.