Tone-Index Multisine Modulation for SWIPT
SourceIEEE Signal Processing Letters
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We propose a new simultaneous wireless information and power transfer technique that embeds information bits in the tone index of multisine waveforms. By varying the number of subcarriers of the transmitted bandwidth-constrained multisine signal, the proposed scheme enables efficient radio-frequency energy harvesting and low-complexity information transmission. The receiver does not require channel estimation and employs a non-coherent maximum-likelihood detection at the envelope of the received signal. The performance of the proposed tone-index modulation is evaluated in terms of average error probability for a flat-fading channel, and we show that it outperforms its peak-to-average-power-ratio counterpart.