Long-term effects of prolonged-release fampridine in cognitive function, fatigue, mood and quality of life of MS patients: The IGNITE study
Langdon, D. W.
Boziki, M. K.
Hadjigeorgiou, Georgios M.
SourceJournal of the Neurological Sciences
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BACKGROUND: Studies have reported conflicting results regarding the potential benefit of prolonged release (PR) fampridine in other domains besides walking. Moreover, only a small number of studies have explored long- term effects of PR fampridine. The aim of this study was to assess cognitive function, quality of life, mood and fatigue in MS patients treated with fampridine after 6 and 12 months of treatment. METHODS: IGNITE was an observational, open label study. Subjects were examined with the timed 25-ft walk (T25FW) and the BICAMS battery and were asked to complete the Multiple Sclerosis Impact Scale (MSIS-29), Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and MS International Quality-of-Life questionnaire (MUSIQOL) at baseline and at weeks 24 and 48. Patients were sub-grouped into responders (n:40) and non-responders (n:20) according to T25FW performance after 2 weeks on treatment. RESULTS: After 6 months, statistically significant improvement was observed on T25FW (p < .001), SDMT (p < .001) and MSIS29 (p < .001), for responders. After 1 year on treatment, statistically significant improvement was observed in T25FW (p < .001), MSIS29 (p = .004), SDMT (p < .001) and MUSIQOL (p = .03) for responders. There were no statistically significant improvements for the non-responders. CONCLUSIONS: PR Fampridine may have a beneficial effect on information processing speed though not on memory. Study data provide some evidence that fampridine treatment may reduce the impact of MS on daily activities and improve quality of life but has no effect on subjective fatigue and mood.