Anxiety and depression in patients with suspected carpal tunnel syndrome – A case controlled study
SourceBrain and Behavior
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Purpose Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common entrapment neuropathy causing significant, and often disabling, pain. We aimed to establish the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in patients who were referred with suspected CTS and identify potential determinants. Methods All patients underwent nerve conduction studies (NCS) and were classified into mild, moderate, severe, and no CTS groups. Volunteers, without symptoms or signs of CTS, formed the control group. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed via the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results Ninety-one patients and 41 controls were recruited. Following NCS the patients were classified as follows: mild CTS (n = 20), moderate CTS (n = 21), severe CTS (n = 11), and no CTS (n = 31). CTS patients had significantly higher depression scores compared to controls but not anxiety scores. Patients experiencing pain and itchiness had significantly higher anxiety scores compared to those who did not. Patients who reported symptoms suggestive of CTS but did not meet the electrodiagnostic criteria for a diagnosis had significantly higher anxiety and depression scores compared to CTS patients and controls. Conclusions Patients suffering with CTS may be at an increased risk of depression. Experiencing pain in CTS may further increase the likelihood of experiencing mental health difficulties. Poor mental health can give rise to functional symptoms, similar to those seen in CTS, demonstrating the need for electrophysiological testing before considering surgical intervention.