• Article  

      CCR5 promoter polymorphisms in a Kenyan perinatal human immunodeficiency virus type 1 cohort: Association with increased 2-year maternal mortality 

      John, G. C.; Bird, T.; Overbaugh, J.; Nduati, R.; Mbori-Ngacha, D.; Rostron, T.; Dong, T.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Richardson, B.; Rowland-Jones, S. L. (2001)
      The CCR5 chemokine receptor acts as a coreceptor with CD4 to permit infection by primary macrophage-tropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains. The CCR5Δ32 mutation, which is associated with resistance to ...
    • Article  

      Contrasting frequencies of CCR5Δ32 and CCR2-64I alleles in the Tunisian population [1] 

      Barbouche, R. M.; Hong, L.; Dellagi, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2001)
    • Article  

      The global spread of HIV-1 subtype B epidemic 

      Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Angelis, Konstantinos; Mamais, Ioannis A.; Katzourakis, A.; Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Albert, Jan; Lawyer, G.; Hamouda, O.; Struck, D.; Vercauteren, J.; Wensing, A.; Alexiev, Ivailo; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Gomes, P.; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Coughlan, S.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Lepej, S. J.; Liitsola, K.; Linka, M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Schmit, J. C.; Sönnerborg, A.; Staneková, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Stylianou, Dora C.; Boucher, C. A. B.; Nikolopoulos, Georgios K.; Vasylyeva, T.; Friedman, S. R.; van de Vijver, D.; Angarano, G.; Chaix, M. -L; de Luca, A.; Korn, K.; Loveday, C.; Soriano, V.; Yerly, S.; Zazzi, M.; Vandamme, A. M.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N. (2016)
      Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) was discovered in the early 1980s when the virus had already established a pandemic. For at least three decades the epidemic in the Western World has been dominated by subtype B ...
    • Article  

      Hepatitis C virus infection epidemiology among people who inject drugs in europe: A systematic review of data for scaling up treatment and prevention 

      Wiessing, L.; Ferri, M.; Grady, B.; Kantzanou, M.; Sperle, I.; Cullen, K. J.; Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Prins, M.; Vickerman, P.; Lazarus, J. V.; Hope, V. D.; Matheï, C.; Busch, M.; Bollaerts, K.; Bogdanova, V.; Nesheva, E.; Fotsiou, N.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Mravčík, V.; Řehák, V.; Částková, J.; Hobstová, J.; Nechanská, B.; Fouchard, J.; Abel-Ollo, K.; Tefanova, V.; Tallo, T.; Brummer-Korvenkontio, H.; Brisacier, A. -C; Michot, I.; Jauffret-Roustide, M.; Zimmermann, R.; Fotiou, A.; Gazdag, G.; Tarján, A.; Galvin, B.; Thornton, L.; Cruciani, M.; Basso, M.; Karnite, A.; Caplinskiene, I.; Lopes, S.; Origer, A.; Melillo, J.; Camilleri, M.; Demanuele, C. O.; Croes, E.; Op De Coul, E.; Rosińska, M.; Struzik, M.; Martins, M.; Duran, D.; Vilar, G.; Resende, M. E.; Martins, H. C.; Abagiu, A. O.; Ruta, S.; Arama, V.; Kopilovic, B.; Kustec, T.; Klavs, I.; Aleixandre, N. L.; Folch, C.; Bravo, M. J.; Gómez, R. S.; Berglund, T.; Strandberg, J.; Hotho, D.; Van Houdt, S.; Low, A.; Mcdonald, B.; Platt, L.; Kalamara, E.; Giraudon, I.; Groshkova, T.; Palladino, C.; Hutchinson, S.; Ncube, F.; Eramova, I.; Goldberg, D.; Vicente, J.; Griffiths, P. (2014)
      Background: People who inject drugs (PWID) are a key population affected by hepatitis C virus (HCV). Treatment options are improving and may enhance prevention
    • Article  

      HIV-1 subtype distribution and its demographic determinants in newly diagnosed patients in Europe suggest highly compartmentalized epidemics 

      Abecasis, A. B.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Vercauteren, J.; Theys, K.; Van de Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Albert, Jan; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; De Gascun, C.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Hamouda, O.; Horban, A.; Kolupajeva, T.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Kücherer, C.; Liitsola, K.; Linka, M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Schmit, J. -C; Sönnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Struck, D.; Boucher, C. A. B.; Vandamme, A. -M (2013)
      Background: Understanding HIV-1 subtype distribution and epidemiology can assist preventive measures and clinical decisions. Sequence variation may affect antiviral drug resistance development, disease progression, ...
    • Article  

      HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes, HLA-A11, and chemokine-related factors may act synergistically to determine HIV resistance in CCR5 Δ32-negative female sex workers in Chiang Rai, northern Thailand 

      Sriwanthana, B.; Hodge, T.; Mastro, T. D.; Dezzutti, C. S.; Bond, K.; Stephens, H. A. F.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Limpakarnjanarat, K.; Young, N. L.; Qari, S. H.; Lal, R. B.; Chandanayingyong, D.; McNicholl, J. M. (2001)
      Understanding how highly HIV-exposed individuals remain HIV uninfected may be useful for HIV vaccine design and development of new HIV prevention strategies. To elucidate mechanisms associated with resistance to HIV ...
    • Article  

    • Article  

      Increase in transmitted resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors among newly diagnosed HIV-1 infections in Europe 

      Moutschen, M.; Frentz, D.; Van de Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Abecasis, A. B.; Albert, Jan; Hamouda, O.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Ku¨cherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Vercauteren, J.; A˚sjo¨, B.; Balotta, Claudia; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Coughlan, S.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Kolupajeva, T.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Liitsola, K.; Linka, M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Sto¨ckl, E.; So¨nnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Boucher, C. A. B.; Puchhammer-Stockl, E.; Sarcletti, M.; Schmied, B.; Geit, M.; Balluch, G.; Vandamme, A. -M; Vercauteren, J.; Derdelinckx, I.; Sasse, A.; Bogaert, M.; Ceunen, H.; De Roo, A.; De Wit, S.; Echahidi, F.; Fransen, K.; Goffard, J. -C; Goubau, P.; Goudeseune, E.; Yombi, J. -C; Lacor, P.; Liesnard, C.; Pierard, D.; Rens, R.; Schrooten, Y.; Vaira, D.; Vandekerckhove, L. P. R.; Van den Heuvel, A.; Van Der Gucht, B.; Van Ranst, M.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Vandercam, B.; Vekemans, M.; Verhofstede, C.; Clumeck, N.; Van Laethem, K.; Demetriades, Ioannis; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Demetriou, Victoria L.; Hezka, Johana; Bruckova, M.; Linka, M.; Machala, L.; Nielsen, C.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Gerstoft, J.; Mathiesen, L.; Pedersen, C.; Nielsen, H.; Laursen, A.; Kvinesdal, B.; Salminen, M.; Ristola, M.; Liitsola, K.; Suni, J.; Sutinen, J.; Korn, K.; Ku¨cherer, C.; Berg, T.; Braun, P.; Poggensee, G.; Da¨umer, M.; Eberle, J.; Heiken, H.; Kaiser, R.; Knechten, H.; Mu¨ller, H.; Neifer, S.; Schmidt, B.; Walter, H.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Harrer, T.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Magiorkinis, Emmanouil N.; Hatzitheodorou, Eleni; Haida, Catherine; Zavitsanou, Assimina; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Lazanas, Marios C.; Chini, Maria C.; Magafas, N.; Tsogas, Nickolaos; Paparizos, Vassilios A.; Kourkounti, Sofia; Antoniadou, Anastasia C.; Papadopoulos, Antonios I.; Panagopoulos, Periklis; Poulakou, Garyphallia G.; Sakka, V.; Chryssos, Georgios; Drimis, Stylianos; Gargalianos, Panagiotis; Lelekis, Moyssis I.; Chilomenos, G.; Psichogiou, Mina A.; Daikos, George L.; Panos, George; Haratsis, G.; Kordossis, Theodore; Kontos, Athanasios N.; Koratzanis, Georgios; Theodoridou, Maria C.; Mostrou, Glykeria J.; Spoulou, Vana I.; Coughlan, S.; De Gascun, C.; Byrne, C.; Duffy, M.; Bergin, C.; Reidy, D.; Farrell, G.; Lambert, J.; O'Connor, E.; Rochford, A.; Low, J.; Coakely, P.; O'Dea, S.; Hall, W.; Grossman, Z.; Levi, I.; Chemtob, D.; Balotta, Claudia; Riva, C.; Mussini, C.; Caramma, I.; Capetti, A.; Colombo, M. C.; Rossi, C.; Prati, F.; Tramuto, F.; Vitale, F.; Ciccozzi, M.; Angarano, G.; Rezza, G.; Schmit, J. C.; Struck, D.; Hemmer, R.; Arendt, V.; Staub, T.; Schneider, F.; Roman, F.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Boucher, C. A. B.; van Kessel, A.; van Bentum, P. H. M.; Brinkman, K.; op de Coul, E. L.; van der Ende, M. E.; Hoepelman, I.; van Kasteren, M.; Juttmann, J.; Kuipers, M.; Langebeek, N.; Richter, C.; Santegoets, R.; Schrijnders-Gudde, L.; Schuurman, R.; van de Ven, B. J. M.; A˚sjo¨, B.; Ormaasen, V.; Aavitsland, P.; Horban, A.; Stanczak, J. J.; Stanczak, G. P.; Firlag-Burkacka, E.; Wiercinska-Drapalo, A.; Jablonowska, E.; Malolepsza, E.; Leszczyszyn-Pynka, M.; Szata, W.; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Palma, C.; Borges, F.; Paixa&tild; o, T.; Duque, V.; Araújo, F.; Jevtovic, D.; Salemovic, D.; Stanekova, D.; Habekova, M.; Mokráš, Miloš; Truska, P.; Poljak, M.; Lunar, M.; Babic, Dunja Z.; Tomazic, J.; Vidmar, L.; Vovko, T.; Karner, P.; Clotet, B.; Domingo, P.; Galindo, M. J.; Miralles, C.; del Pozo, M. A.; Ribera, E.; Iribarren, J. A.; Ruiz, L.; de la Torre, J.; Vidal, F.; Garcia, F.; Paredes, R.; Albert, Jan; Heidarian, A.; Aperia-Peipke, K.; Axelsson, M.; Mild, M.; Karlsson, A.; So¨nnerborg, A.; Thalme, A.; Nave´r, L.; Bratt, G.; Karlsson, A.; Blaxhult, A.; Gissle´n, M.; Svennerholm, B.; Bergbrant, I.; Björkman, Per; Sa¨ll, C.; Mellgren, A˚; Lindholm, A.; Kuylenstierna, N.; Montelius, R.; Azimi, F.; Johansson, B.; Carlsson, M.; Johansson, E.; Ljungberg, B.; Ekvall, H.; Strand, A.; Ma¨kitalo, S.; o¨berg, S.; Holmblad, P.; Ho¨fer, M.; Holmberg, H.; Josefson, P.; Ryding, U. (2014)
      Background: One out of ten newly diagnosed patients in Europe was infected with a virus carrying a drug resistant mutation. We analysed the patterns over time for transmitted drug resistance mutations (TDRM) using data ...
    • Article  

      Limited cross-border infections in patients newly diagnosed with HIV in Europe 

      Moutschen, M.; Frentz, D.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Albert, Jan; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Abecasis, A. B.; Hamouda, O.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Kücherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Coughlan, S.; De Wit, S.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Kolupajeva, T.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Liitsola, K.; Linka, M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Sönnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Vandamme, A. -M; Boucher, C. A. B.; Van de Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Balluch, G.; Vandamme, A. -M; Vercauteren, J.; Derdelinckx, I.; Sasse, A.; Bogaert, M.; Ceunen, H.; De Roo, A.; De Wit, S.; Echahidi, F.; Fransen, K.; Goffard, J. -C; Goubau, P.; Goudeseune, E.; Yombi, J. -C; Lacor, P.; Liesnard, C.; Pierard, D.; Rens, R.; Schrooten, Y.; Vaira, D.; Vandekerckhove, L. P. R.; Van den Heuvel, A.; Van Der Gucht, B.; Van Ranst, M.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Vandercam, B.; Vekemans, M.; Verhofstede, C.; Clumeck, N.; Van Laethem, K.; Demetriades, Ioannis; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Demetriou, Victoria L.; Hezka, Johana; Bruckova, M.; Linka, M.; Machala, L.; Nielsen, C.; Jørgensen, L. B.; Gerstoft, J.; Mathiesen, L.; Pedersen, C.; Nielsen, H.; Laursen, A.; Kvinesdal, B.; Salminen, M.; Ristola, M.; Liitsola, K.; Suni, J.; Sutinen, J.; Korn, K.; Kücherer, C.; Berg, T.; Braun, P.; Poggensee, G.; Däumer, M.; Eberle, J.; Hamouda, O.; Heiken, H.; Kaiser, R.; Knechten, H.; Müller, H.; Neifer, S.; Schmidt, B.; Walter, H.; Gunsenheimer-Bartmeyer, B.; Harrer, T.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Hatzakis, Angelos E.; Magiorkinis, Emmanouil N.; Hatzitheodorou, Eleni; Haida, Catherine; Zavitsanou, Assimina; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Lazanas, Marios C.; Chini, Maria C.; Magafas, N.; Tsogas, Nickolaos; Paparizos, Vassilios A.; Kourkounti, Sofia; Antoniadou, Anastasia C.; Papadopoulos, Antonios I.; Panagopoulos, Periklis; Poulakou, Garyphallia G.; Sakka, V.; Chryssos, Georgios; Drimis, Stylianos; Gargalianos, Panagiotis; Lelekis, Moyssis I.; Chilomenos, G.; Psichogiou, Mina A.; Daikos, George L.; Panos, George; Haratsis, G.; Kordossis, Theodore; Kontos, Athanasios N.; Koratzanis, Georgios; Theodoridou, Maria C.; Mostrou, Glykeria J.; Spoulou, Vana I.; Coughlan, S.; De Gascun, C.; Byrne, C.; Duffy, M.; Bergin, C.; Reidy, D.; Farrell, G.; Lambert, J.; O'Connor, E.; Rochford, A.; Low, J.; Coakely, P.; O'Dea, S.; Hall, W.; Grossman, Z.; Levi, I.; Chemtob, D.; Balotta, Claudia; Franzetti, M.; Lai, A.; Binda, F.; Tramuto, F.; Ciccozzi, M.; Mussini, C.; Angarano, G.; Rezza, G.; Schmit, J. C.; Struck, D.; Hemmer, R.; Arendt, V.; Staub, T.; Schneider, F.; Roman, F.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Boucher, C. A. B.; van Kessel, A.; van Bentum, P. H. M.; Brinkman, K.; de Coul, E. L.; van der Ende, M. E.; Hoepelman, I. M.; van Kasteren, M.; Juttmann, J.; Kuipers, M.; Langebeek, N.; Richter, C.; Santegoets, R. M. W. J.; Schrijnders-Gudde, L.; Schuurman, R.; van de Ven, B. J. M.; Åsjö, Birgitta; Ormaasen, V.; Aavitsland, P.; Horban, A.; Stanczak, J. J.; Stanczak, G. P.; Firlag-Burkacka, E.; Wiercinska-Drapalo, A.; Jablonowska, E.; Malolepsza, E.; Leszczyszyn-Pynka, M.; Szata, W.; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Palma, C.; Borges, F.; Paixão, T.; Duque, V.; Araújo, F.; Jevtovic, D.; Salemovic, D.; Stanekova, D.; Habekova, M.; Mokráš, Miloš; Truska, P.; Poljak, M.; Lunar, M.; Babic, Dunja Z.; Tomazic, J.; Vidmar, L.; Vovko, T.; Karner, P.; Clotet, B.; Domingo, P.; Galindo, M. J.; Miralles, C.; del Pozo, M. A.; Ribera, E.; Iribarren, J. A.; Ruiz, L.; de la Torre, J.; Vidal, F.; Garcia, F.; Paredes, R.; Albert, Jan; Heidarian, A.; Aperia-Peipke, K.; Axelsson, M.; Mild, M.; Karlsson, A.; Sönnerborg, A.; Thalme, A.; Navér, L.; Bratt, G.; Karlsson, A.; Blaxhult, A.; Gisslén, M.; Svennerholm, B.; Bergbrant, I.; Björkman, Per; Säll, C.; Mellgren, Å.; Lindholm, A.; Kuylenstierna, N.; Montelius, R.; Azimi, F.; Johansson, B.; Carlsson, M.; Johansson, E.; Ljungberg, B.; Ekvall, H.; Strand, A.; Mäkitalo, S.; öberg, S.; Holmblad, P.; Höfer, M.; Holmberg, H.; Josefson, P.; Ryding, U. (2013)
      Background: International travel plays a role in the spread of HIV-1 across Europe. It is, however, not known whether international travel is more important for spread of the epidemic as compared to endogenous infections ...
    • Article  

      Near-full genome characterization of unclassified hepatitis c virus strains relating to genotypes 1 and 4 

      Demetriou, Victoria L.; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2011)
      Near-full genome sequences are presented in this report for the first time of unclassified HCV strains amplified using RT-PCR from plasma of patients living in Cyprus. One strain appears to be a unique genotype-1-like ...
    • Article  

      Patterns of transmitted HIV drug resistance in Europe vary by risk group 

      Frentz, D.; Van De Vijver, D.; Abecasis, A. B.; Albert, Jan; Hamouda, O.; Jørgensen, L.; Kücherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Vercauteren, J.; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Bergin, C.; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Griskevicius, A.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Kolupajeva, T.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Linka, K. L. M.; Nielsen, C.; Otelea, D.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Paredes, R.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Sönnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Vandamme, A. -M; Boucher, C.; Wensing, A. (2014)
      Background: In Europe, a continuous programme (SPREAD) has been in place for ten years to study transmission of drug resistant HIV. We analysed time trends of transmitted drug resistance mutations (TDRM) in relation to the ...
    • Article  

      Short communication: Molecular epidemiology of HIV type 1 infection in northern Greece (2009-2010): Evidence of a transmission cluster of HIV Type 1 Subtype A1 drug-resistant strains among men who have sex with men 

      Antoniadou, Zoi Anna; Kousiappa, Ioanna; Skoura, Lemonia G.; Pilalas, Dimitrios; Metallidis, Simeon A.; Nicolaidis, Pavlos; Malisiovas, Nikolaos; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2014)
      A prospective molecular epidemiology study of HIV-1 infection was conducted in newly diagnosed and antiretroviral-naive patients in Northern Greece between 2009 and 2010 using a predefined enrolling strategy. Phylogenetic ...
    • Article  

      Transmission of drug-resistant HIV-1 is stabilizing in Europe 

      Vercauteren, J.; Wensing, A. M. J.; Van De Vijver, D. A. M. C.; Albert, Jan; Balotta, Claudia; Hamouda, O.; Kücherer, C.; Struck, D.; Schmit, J. -C; Åsjö, Birgitta; Bruckova, M.; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, B.; Coughlan, S.; Grossman, Z.; Horban, A.; Korn, K.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Nielsen, C.; Paraskevis, Dimitrios N.; Poljak, M.; Puchhammer-Stöckl, E.; Riva, C.; Ruiz, L.; Salminen, M.; Schuurman, R.; Sonnerborg, A.; Stanekova, D.; Stanojevic, M.; Vandamme, A. M.; Boucher, C. A. B. (2009)
      The SPREAD Programme investigated prospectively the time trend from September 2002 through December 2005 of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) among 2793 patients in 20 European countries and in Israel with newly diagnosed ...
    • Article  

      Trends and predictors of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) and clusters with TDR in a local Belgian HIV-1 epidemic 

      Pineda-Peña, A. -C; Schrooten, Y.; Vinken, L.; Ferreira, F.; Li, G.; Trovão, N. S.; Khouri, R.; Derdelinckx, I.; De Munter, P.; Kuc̈herer, C.; Kostrikis, Leontios G.; Nielsen, C.; Littsola, K.; Wensing, A.; Stanojevic, M.; Paredes, R.; Balotta, Claudia; Albert, Jan; Boucher, C.; Gomez-Lopez, A.; Van Wijngaerden, E.; Van Ranst, M.; Vercauteren, J.; Vandamme, A. M.; Van Laethem, K. (2014)
      We aimed to study epidemic trends and predictors for transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in our region, its clinical impact and its association with transmission clusters. We included 778 patients from the AIDS Reference ...
    • Article  

      Viral correlates of HIV-1 disease 

      Anastassopoulou, C. G.; Kostrikis, Leontios G. (2005)
      The transmission of HIV and the progression of HIV disease are influenced not only by a large number of human host factors, but also by certain correlates of the ever fluctuating virus quasispecies. The present review ...