Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorStrahan, E. Y.en
dc.contributor.authorPanayiotou, Georgiaen
dc.contributor.authorClements, R.en
dc.contributor.authorScott, J.en
dc.creatorStrahan, E. Y.en
dc.creatorPanayiotou, Georgiaen
dc.creatorClements, R.en
dc.creatorScott, J.en
dc.description.abstractThe social anxiety literature often cites the self-medication hypothesis (SMH) to explain why socially phobic clients often present with alcohol problems. Based on some earlier hints that social anxiety and drinking might be related in a curvilinear way, we sought to examine the SMH to assess for possible non-linear relationships, and to examine whether cultural differences affect these relationships. We surveyed self-reported social anxiety, alcohol expectancies, and alcohol use in college students from Cyprus (N=127) and the United States (US) (N=697). Participants were college students with a mean age of 19.8. Results revealed that positive and negative expectations about alcohol use were predictive of drinking for students from both cultures. Cypriot students endorsed fewer positive and more negative expectancies regarding alcohol use than their US counterparts, and engaged in less binge drinking. Social anxiety in men was related to drinking via a curvilinear relationship, in which drinking peaks at moderate levels of social anxiety. Among men, those with highest levels of social anxiety in both cultures drink the least. For women, there was no relationship between social anxiety level and drinking behavior. These findings demonstrate the complexity of the relationship between social anxiety and alcohol use. Far from being a linear relationship, these two variables are related in a curvilinear fashion, for men. This should inform future research on the SMH. © 2011 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved.en
dc.sourceAddiction Research and Theoryen
dc.subjectCollege drinkingen
dc.subjectCollege populationen
dc.subjectSocial anxietyen
dc.titleBeer, wine, and social anxiety: Testing the "self-medication hypothesis" in the US and Cyprusen
dc.description.endingpage311Σχολή Κοινωνικών Επιστημών και Επιστημών Αγωγής / Faculty of Social Sciences and EducationΤμήμα Ψυχολογίας / Department of Psychology
dc.description.notesCited By :10; Export Date: 19 July 2017en
dc.contributor.orcidPanayiotou, Georgia [0000-0003-2471-9960]

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record