Total and superior sternal clefts in newborns: A simple technique for surgical correction
SourceJournal of pediatric surgery
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The authors discuss six cases of superior and total sternal clefts treated in their department in the last 34 years and discuss the problems of this congenital malformation. The inferior sternal clefts including Cantrell's pentalogy and the total ventral clefts were excluded because in these cases severe associated anomalies require another approach. In superior and total sternal clefts, cardiac, vascular anomalies in lungs and abdomen and craniofacial dysgenesias are rarely present. In these cases a primary repair during the first weeks of life should be performed. Furthermore, the authors describe their own surgical approach, consisting of the conversion of the partial cleft into a total one. Then the rims are trimmed, and a complete approximation of the two segments is possible.