The introduction of a simple maneuver to reduce the risk of postoperative bleeding after major hepatectomies
Stafyla, V. K.
Yiallourou, Anneza I.
SourceJournal of hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery
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Background/Purpose: In major hepatectomies, postoperative increases in central venous pressure (CVP) may cause suture failure and massive bleeding. The aim of our study is to test the application of an intraoperative maneuver to reduce the risk of postoperative bleeding. Methods: Our study included 172 consecutive patients who had major liver resection with selective hepatic vascular exclusion and sharp transection of the liver parenchyma. An intraoperative maneuver (5 s occlusion of the hepatic vein) was applied in an alternating way, and the patients were assigned to two groups: Cohort A (n = 86), that was granted the maneuver, and Cohort B (n = 86), that was used as a control group. Results: In Cohort A, application of the maneuver was successfulin demonstrating bleeders under low CVP levels. Cohort A had lower rate of massive bleeding requiring emergency reoperation (2.3 vs 5.8%, P = 0.049), less postoperative blood transfusions (13 vs 24%, P = 0.042), lower morbidity (20 vs 35%, P < 0.045) and shorter hospital stay compared to Cohort B. Conclusions: Hepatectomies conducted under low CVP are prone to postoperative hemorrhage which can be prevented if the final bleeding control is performed under high pressure in the hepatic veins. Application of our testing maneuver effectively unmasked previously undetectable bleeding veins. © Springer 2009.