The effect of selective ultrasound screening on late presenting DDH
Galasko, C. S. B.
SourceJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B
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We examined the impact of selective ultrasound screening on late presenting Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) in the Salford area. In the years 1991-1995, babies with suspected clinical hip instability and a number of babies with known risk factors for DDH were referred to a designated Baby Hip clinic for sonographic hip examination. The decision for treatment was based solely on ultrasound findings. We found that nineteen babies reported as having a clinically normal hip by a Senior Registrar in Orthopaedics had sonographically abnormal hips and were treated successfully with an abduction splint. The incidence of late presenting DDH was not reduced when compared with two previous cohorts born at the same centre. None of the children that presented with a late DDH was referred for a sonographic examination after birth. A more widespread ultrasound screening programme including all babies with risk factors for DDH is adviced in order to reduce late presentations.