Epidemiology of aids defining conditions in Greece
Nikolopoulos, Georgios K.
Tsantes, Argirio E.
SourceCentral European journal of public health
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Objective: To examine the secular trends of all AIDS opportunistic infections to occur first (Ols) in Greece, by year, by gender and by mode of transmission. Methods: The study included all AIDS defining conditions reported among Greek residents diagnosed with AIDS from 1981 to June 2003 and notified to the Hellenic Centre of Infectious Diseases Control. The analysis of trends in AIDS defining conditions in Greece has been performed only for the period 1993-2003. Results: From 1981 to the first six months of 2003, 2,394 AIDS cases, 2,361 adults and 33 children, have been reported. HIV wasting syndrome was the most frequent Ol to occur first followed by PCP pneumonia and Kaposi sarcoma. The frequency at which Ols occurred first varied by sex. Kaposi sarcoma was more frequent in males while tuberculosis and oesophageal candidiasis were more frequent in females. The frequency at which Ols occurred first varied also by exposure mode. Kaposi sarcoma was more frequent among men who have sex with men but that was not the case for the remaining transmission categories. From 1993 to the first six months of 2003 a downward trend was noticed only for chronic simplex disease. Since the introduction of HAART, an increasing trend was noticed for CMV disease, recurrent pneumonia, oesophageal candidiasis, Burkitt and immunoblastic lymphoma. Conclusion: Further epidemiological studies are needed to assess the Ols trends in coming years in order to plan prevention strategies and future medical care needs.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Risk factors affecting the incidence of infection after orthopaedic surgery: The role of chemoprophylaxis Masgala, Aikaterini; Chronopoulos, Efstathios; Nikolopoulos, Georgios K.; Sourlas, J.; Lallos, Stergios; Brilakis, Emmanuel; Lazarettos, John; Efstathopoulos, Nikolaos (2012)The incidence of surgical site infection and urinary tract infection following orthopaedic procedures has diminished in recent years due to modern antimicrobial prophylaxis. We conducted a case-control study (100 cases, ...
Masgala, Aikaterini; Bonovas, Stefanos; Nikolopoulos, Georgios K. (2012)Concurrent infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is relatively common. The treatment of co-infected individuals is rather complex ...
Christaki, Eirini; Anyfanti, Panagiota; Opal, Steven M. (2011)Currently the treatment mainstay of sepsis is early and appropriate antibiotic therapy, accompanied by aggressive fluid administration, the use of vasopressors when needed and the prompt initiation of measures to support ...