Inertial, viscous and yield stress effects in Bingham fluid filling of a 2-D cavity
AuthorAlexandrou, Andreas N.
SourceJournal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics
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The present study concentrates on Bingham fluid filling of a 2-D cavity and examines the relative importance of inertial, viscous and yield stress effects on the filling profile. The results presented are obtained using PAM-CAST/SIMULOR, which was modified by introducing a regularized Bingham fluid constitutive relation. The results identify five different flow patterns: `mound', `disk,' `shell,' `bubble,' and a `transition flow' between that of mound and bubble patterns. A complete map of the flow patterns as a function of the Reynolds and Bingham numbers is also presented and discussed using dimensional and physical arguments within a simplified theoretical framework.