Nonlinear distortion of short pulses radiated by plane and focused circular pistons
AuthorAverkiou, Michalakis A.
Hamilton, Mark F.
SourceJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
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Detailed measurements of finite-amplitude pulses radiated by plane and focused circular pistons in water are presented. Comparisons of time waveforms and frequency spectra, both on and off axis, are made with numerical calculations based on the nonlinear parabolic wave equation. Emphasis is on nonlinear distortion of amplitude- and frequency-modulated tone bursts. Use of short pulses enabled resolution of the direct and diffracted waves prior to their coalescence and subsequent shock formation along the axis of the source. Because of its relevance to investigations of cavitation inception, attention is devoted to variation of the peak positive (p+) and negative (p-) pressures along the axis of a focused source. It is shown that with increasing source amplitude, the maximum of each shifts away from the focal plane, toward the source. This effect is more pronounced for p- than for p+. © 1997 Acoustical Society of America. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]Copyright of Journal of the Acoustical Society of America is the property of American Institute of Physics and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)