Materials Science: Trends, material properties and educational perspectives
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Materials Science is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. Materials Science investigates the relationships between the structure of materials at atomic or molecular scales as well as their microstructure and their macroscopic properties. It includes elements of applied physics and chemistry, as well as chemical, mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering. The aim of this paper is to give a brief, yet comprehensive overview on the current challenges and advances in Materials Science as well as to outline attempts made world-wide to introduce Materials Science in secondary school curricula. As the title suggests the paper consists of two parts. In the first part, a short history of materials and an introductory review on material properties are presented. In the second part, educational perspectives and issues such as the connection of materials science (and science in general) with technology are discussed. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.