Structure anisotropy in MHD turbulence subjected to mean shear and frame rotation
AuthorKassinos, Stavros C.
PublisherAffiliation: Dept. of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
Affiliation: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, United States
Affiliation: Center for Turbulence Research, NASA Ames Research Center, United States
Correspondence Address: Kassinos, S.C.
Dept. of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
Source4th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena
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We consider homogeneous turbulence in a conducting fluid that is exposed to a uniform external magnetic field while being sheared in fixed and rotating frames. We take both the frame-rotation axis and the applied magnetic field to be aligned in the direction normal to the plane of the mean shear. We find that a key parameter determining the structural morphology of the flow is the ratio of the time scale of the mean shear to the Joule time, τ shear/ τ m- When τ shear ≪ τ m, we find that the turbulence structures tend to align preferentially with the streamwise direction irrespective of the magnetic Reynolds number, R m. When τ shear ≫ τ m, we find that at low R m the turbulent eddies become elongated and aligned with the magnetic field, but at moderately high R m, there is partial streamwise alignment of the eddies. When τ shear ≈ τ m, we find that competing mechanisms tend to produce different structural anisotropies, and small variations in dimensionless parameters can have a strong effect on the structure of the evolving flow. For example, at R m ≪ 1, a preferential alignment of structures in the direction of the magnetic field emerges as the flow evolves, consistent with the predictions of the quasi-static approach. For R m ∼ 1, the structures are found to be equally aligned in the streamwise and spanwise direction at large times. However, when R m is moderately high (10 ≲ R m ≲ 50) this strong spanwise alignment is replaced by a preferential alignment of structures in the streamwise direction. Counter to intuition, we found evidence that strong rotation in combination with a spanwise magnetic field tends to promote a streamwise alignment of the eddies, at least when τ shear ≈ τ m.
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Radhakrishnan, H.; Kassinos, Stavros C. (Affiliation: UCY-CompSci Computational Sciences Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, CyprusCorrespondence Address: Radhakrishnan, H.UCY-CompSci Computational Sciences Laboratory, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus, 2009)