Effect of microstructure on the thermoelectric performance of La1−xSrxCoO3
Athanasopoulos, G. I.
SourceJournal of Solid State Chemistry
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We present a case where the microstructure has a profound effect on the thermoelectric properties of oxide compounds. Specifically, we have investigated the effect of different sintering treatments on La1−xSrxCoO3 samples synthesized using the Pechini method. We found that the samples, which are dense and consist of inhomogeneously-mixed grains of different size, exhibit both higher Seebeck coefficient and thermoelectric figure of merit than the samples, which are porous and consist of grains with almost identical size. The enhancement of Seebeck coefficient in the dense samples is attributed to the so-called “energy-filtering” mechanism that is related to the energy barrier of the grain boundary. On the other hand, the thermal conductivity for the porous compounds is significantly reduced in comparison to the dense compounds. It is suggested that a fine-manipulation of grain size ratio combined with a fine-tuning of porosity could considerably enhance the thermoelectric performance of oxides. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
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