Privacy-Preserving Indoor Localization on Smartphones
Zeinalipour-Yazdi, Constantinos D.
SourceIEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Indoor Positioning Systems (IPS) have recently received considerable attention, mainly because GPS is unavailable in indoor spaces and consumes considerable energy. On the other hand, predominant Smartphone OS localization subsystems currently rely on server-side localization processes, allowing the service provider to know the location of a user at all times. In this paper, we propose an innovative algorithm for protecting users from location tracking by the localization service, without hindering the provisioning of fine-grained location updates on a continuous basis. Our proposed Temporal Vector Map (TVM) algorithm, allows a user to accurately localize by exploiting a k-Anonymity Bloom (kAB) filter and a bestNeighbors generator of camouflaged localization requests, both of which are shown to be resilient to a variety of privacy attacks. We have evaluated our framework using a real prototype developed in Android and Hadoop HBase as well as realistic Wi-Fi traces scaling-up to several GBs. Our analytical evaluation and experimental study reveal that TVM is not vulnerable to attacks that traditionally compromise k-anonymity protection and indicate that TVM can offer fine-grained localization in approximately four orders of magnitude less energy and number of messages than competitive approaches. © 2015 IEEE.