Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of benzo[e][1,2,4]triazin-7(1H) -one and [1,2,4]-triazino[5,6,1-jk]carbazol-6-one derivatives as dual inhibitors of beta-amyloid aggregation and acetyl/butyryl cholinesterase
Berezin, Andrey A.
Lo Re, D.
De Stradis, A.
Koutentis, Panayiotis Andreas
SourceEuropean journal of medicinal chemistry
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Alzheimer's disease (AD) onset and progression are associated with the dysregulation of multiple and complex physiological processes and a successful therapeutic approach should therefore address more than one target. Two new chemical entities, the easily accessible heterocyclic scaffolds 1,3-diphenylbenzo[e][1,2,4]triazin-7(1H)-one (benzotriazinone I) and 2-phenyl-6H-[1,2,4]triazino[5,6,1-jk]carbazol-6-one (triazafluoranthenone II), were explored for their multitarget-directed inhibition of beta-amyloid (Aβ) fibrillization and acetyl- (AChE) and/or butyryl- (BChE) cholinesterase, three valuable targets for AD therapy. Introduction of appropriate amine substituents at positions 6 and 5 on scaffold I and II, respectively, allowed the preparation of a series of compounds that were tested as Aβ1-40 aggregation and cholinesterase inhibitors. Potent inhibitors of Aβ self-aggregation were discovered and among them benzotriazinone 7 exhibited an outstanding IC50 equal to 0.37 μM. Compounds bearing a basic amine linked to the heterocyclic scaffold through a linear alkyl chain of varying length also afforded good ChE inhibitors. In particular, benzotriazinone 24 and triazafluoranthenone 38 were endowed with an interesting multiple activity, the former displaying IC50 values of 1.4, 1.5 and 1.9 μM on Aβ aggregation and AChE and BChE inhibition, respectively, and the latter showing IC50 values of 1.4 and an outstanding 0.025 μM in the Aβ aggregation and BChE inhibition, respectively. Benzotriazinone 24 and triazafluoranthenone 29, selected owing to their suitable aqueous solubility and Aβ aggregation inhibition, were submitted to a time course kinetic assay followed with thioflavin T (ThT) spectrofluorimetry, circular dichroism (CD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Experimental data indicated that 24 acted at a low concentration ratio (10 μM 24 vs. 50 μM Aβ), stabilizing the unstructured Aβ peptide and inhibiting fibrillogenesis, and that 29 also acted as fibrillization inhibitor, but likely enhancing and stabilizing the β-sheet arrangement of Aβ to yield protofibrillar species as detected by TEM. © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Amphiphilic model conetworks based on cross-linked star copolymers of benzyl methacrylate and 2-(dimenthylamino)ethyl methacrylate: Synthesis, characterization, and DNA adsorption studies Achilleos, Demetra S.; Georgiou, Theoni K.; Patrickios, Costas S. (2006)Six amphiphilic model conetworks of a new structure, that of cross-linked "in-out" star copolymers, were synthesized by the group transfer polymerization (GTP) of the hydrophobic monomer benzyl methacrylate (BzMA) and the ...
5,5′-Bis[5-(9-decyl-9H-carbazol-3-yl)thien-2-yl]-4H,4′H-[3,3′-bi(1,2,6-thiadiazine)]-4,4′-dione Kalogirou, Andreas S.; Koutentis, Panayiotis A. (2018)Stille coupling of 5,5′-dichloro-4H,4′H-[3,3′-bi(1,2,6-thiadiazine)]-4,4′-dione (8) with 9-decyl-3-[5-(tributylstannyl)thien-2-yl]-9H-carbazole and Pd(Ph3P)2Cl2 in PhMe, at ca. 110 °C, for 2 h, gave 5,5′-bis[5-(9-decyl-9 ...
Chapter One - Recent advances in carbazole syntheses Georgiades, Savvas N.; Nicolaou, Persefoni G. (Academic Press, 2019)The tricyclic carbazole heterocycle is an essential component of many biologically active natural products, drug-like compounds, and valuable π-extended building blocks for advanced materials that exhibit potential for use ...