Simple and accurate computations of solvatochromic shifts in π → π* transitions of aromatic chromophores
Suter, U. W.
SourceJournal of the American Chemical Society
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A new approach is introduced for calculating the spectral shifts of the most bathochromic π → π * transition of an aromatic chromophore in apolar environments. As an example, perylene in solid and liquid n-alkane matrixes was chosen, and all shifts were calculated relative to one well-defined solid-inclusion system. It was shown that a simple two-level treatment of the solute using Hückel theory yields spectral shifts in excellent agreement with experimental results for the most prominent inclusion sites of perylene in solid n-alkane surroundings and for the dilute solutions in liquid n-alkanes. The idea is general enough to be applied to any aromatic chromophore in a nonpolar solvent matrix. In contrast to earlier treatments, this approach is based on geometry- and environment-dependent polarizabilities, employs an r -4 dependence for the dispersion energy, and is conceptually very simple and computationally very efficient.