Application and evaluation of solvent-free matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry for the analysis of derivatized fullerenes
Kotsiris, Sotirios G.
Vasil'ev, Y. V.
Streletskii, A. V.
Mark, L. P.
Boltalina, O. V.
SourceEuropean Journal of Mass Spectrometry
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MetadataΕμφάνιση πλήρους εγγραφής
A variety of derivatized fullerenes have been studied by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry. Of particular emphasis has been the evaluation of a recently introduced solvent-free sample/target preparation method. Solventfree MALDI is particularly valuable in overcoming adverse solvent-related effects, such as insolubility and/or degradation of the sample. The method was applied to fullerene derivatives susceptible to decomposition under insufficiently "soft" MALDI conditions. Analytes included the hydrofullerene: C60H36, fluorofullerenes: C60Fx where x=18, 36, 46, 48 and C70F x, where x = 54,56, methanobridged amphiphilic ligand adducts to C60 and the [4+2] cycloadduct of tetracene to C60. The new solvent-free sample preparation is established as an exceedingly valuable addition to the repertoire of preparation protocols within MALDI. The MALDI mass spectra were of very high quality throughout, providing a testimony that "soft" MALDI conditions could be achieved. Using the [4+2] cycloadduct of tetracene to C60 as the model analyte for direct comparison with solvent-based MALDI, the solvent-free approach led to less fragmentation and more abundant analyte ions. Applying solvent-free sample preparation, different matrix compounds have been examined for use in the MALDI of derivatized fullerenes, including sulfur, tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), 9-nitroanthracene (9-NA) and trans-2-[3-(4-tert-butylpheny1)-2-methyl-2-propenylidene] malononitrile (DCTB). DCTB was confirmed as the best performing matrix, reducing unwanted decomposition and suppression effects. © IM Publications 2006.