Aldoxime dehydratase: Probing the heme environment involved in the synthesis of the carbon-nitrogen triple bond
SourceJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, "light" minus "dark" difference FTIR spectra, and time-resolved step-scan (TRS 2) FTIR spectra are reported for carbonmonoxy aldoxime dehydratase. Two C-O modes of heme at 1945 and 1964 cm-1 have been identified and remained unchanged in H2O/D2O exchange and in the pH 5.6-8.5 range, suggesting the presence of two conformations at the active site. The observed C-O frequencies are 5 and 16 cm-1 lower and higher, respectively, than that obtained previously (Oinuma, K.-I.et al. FEBS Lett.2004, 568, 44-48). We suggest that the strength of the Fe-His bond and the neutralization of the negatively charged propionate groups modulate the ν(Fe-CO)/ν(CO) back-bonding correlation. The "light" minus "dark" difference FTIR spectra indicate that the heme propionates are in both the protonated and deprotonated forms, and the photolyzed CO becomes trapped within a ligand docking site (ν(CO) = 2138 cm-1). The TRS2-FTIR spectra show that the rate of recombination of CO to the heme is k1945 cm-1 = 126 ± 20 s -1 and k1964 cm-1 = 122 ± 20 s -1 at pH 5.6, and k1945 cm-1 = 148 ± 30 s-1 and k1964 cm-1 = 158 ± 32 s -1 at pH 8.5. The rate of decay of the heme propionate vibrations is on a time scale coincident with the rate of rebinding, suggesting that there is a coupling between ligation dynamics in the distal heme environment and the environment sensed by the heme propionates. The implications of these results with respect to the proximal His-Fe heme environment including the propionates and the positively charged or proton-donating residues in the distal pocket which are crucial for the synthesis of nitriles are discussed. © 2011 American Chemical Society.