Carbon dioxide storage in olivine basalts: Effect of ball milling process
Petallidou, Klito C.
Vasiliades, Michalis A.
Efstathiou, Angelos M.
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
The goal of this study is to propose a cost-effective method for the optimization of the ex situ carbonation of basaltic rocks. The ball milling process was applied to a sample of olivine basalt from the Troodos ophiolite complex (Cyprus) for the first time, in order to fabricate novel nanomaterials for CO2 storage. The purpose was to accelerate the kinetics of rock-fluid reactions during the carbonation procedure. Various methodologies were used for the characterization of the starting rock material and the ball-milled samples. Preliminary results reveal that only a few hours of wet ball milling with ethanol as process control agent can induce significant changes to olivine basalt towards improvement of its performance for CO2 storage. Specifically, CO2 uptake measurements via the use of the temperature-programmed desorption (TPD) technique indicate that 4h of ball milling with 50wt.% ethanol can lead to an enhancement of the carbonation of olivine basalt by 295%. The experimental results strongly suggest that (i) olivine basalts have important CO2-storage capacity and are very promising lithotypes for ex situ carbonation, and (ii) the ball milling process provides hopes for its use at an industrial scale as a preparation technique for the safe and permanent ex situ storage of CO2. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Nanoporous activated carbon cloth as a versatile material for hydrogen adsorption, selective gas separation and electrochemical energy storage Kostoglou, N.; Koczwara, C.; Prehal, C.; Terziyska, V.; Babic, B.; Matovic, B.; Constantinides, G.; Tampaxis, C.; Charalambopoulou, Georgia; Steriotis, T.; Hinder, S.; Baker, M. A.; Polychronopoulou, K.; Doumanidis, C. C.; Paris, O.; Mitterer, C.; Rebholz, Claus (2017)The efficient storage of energy combined with a minimum carbon footprint is still considered one of the major challenges towards the transition to a progressive, sustainable and environmental friendly society on a global ...
Ultrafast pulsed laser deposition of carbon nanostructures: Structural and optical characterization Pervolaraki, Maria; Komninou, P.; Kioseoglou, J.; Othonos, Andreas S.; Giapintzakis, Ioannis (2013)Carbon nanostructured materials were obtained by high-repetition rate pulsed laser ablation of a graphite target using a train of 10-ps duration pulses at 1064 nm in different pressures of high-purity Ar gas. It is ...
Microstructure and nanomechanical properties of pulsed excimer laser deposited DLC:Ag films: Enhanced nanotribological response Constantinou, M.; Pervolaraki, M.; Nikolaou, P.; Prouskas, C.; Patsalas, P.; Kelires, P.; Giapintzakis, John; Constantinides, G. (2017)Diamond-like carbon:silver (DLC:Ag) thin films, with metal contents as high as 16.8 at.%, have been deposited on silicon substrates using pulsed excimer laser deposition