Factors that affect rescue time in urban search and rescue (USAR) operations
AuthorStatheropoulos, Miltiades K.
Pallis, George C.
Vamvakari, Julia P.
Thomas, Charles Lawrence Paul
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Recent structural collapses were studied in order to identify gaps in technology and to propose priorities in enhancing urban search and rescue (USAR) tools. The timelines of the events were examined with the scope of extracting critical factors that affect rescue time and can be used to define priorities in tools and technologies development, so that efficient and fast location, recovery and treatment of victims can be achieved. In this context, seven factors were identified: (1) best practices and lessons learned, (2) rescue technology, (3) community involvement, (4) information systems, (5) technology integration, (6) crisis management and (7) available budget. Each of these factors is reviewed, analyzed and discussed with the scope of providing future developments in tools and technology for USAR operations. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.