Thermolyzable polymer networks and star polymers containing a novel, compact, degradable acylal-based dimethacrylate cross-linker: Synthesis, characterization, and thermolysis
SourceJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
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A compact, cleavable acylal dimethacrylate cross-linker, 1,1-ethylenediol dimethacrylate (EDDMA), was synthesized from the anhydrous iron(III) chloride-catalyzed reaction between methacrylic anhydride and acetaldehyde. The ability of EDDMA to act as cross-linker was demonstrated by using it for the preparation of one neat cross-linker network, four star polymers of methyl methacrylate (MMA), and four randomly cross-linked MMA polymer networks using group transfer polymerization (GTP). For comparison, the corresponding polymer structures based on the commercially available ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) cross-linker (isomer of EDDMA) were also prepared via GTP. The number of arms of the EDDMA-based star polymers was lower than that of the corresponding EGDMA polymers, whereas the degrees of swelling in tetrahydrofuran of the EDDMA-based MMA networks were higher than those of their EGDMA-based counterparts. Although none of the EDDMA-containing polymers could be cleanly hydrolyzed under basic or acidic conditions, they could be thermolyzed at 200 °C within 1 day giving lower molecular weight products. ©2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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