Mri-guided robotic breast biopsy and therapeutics
PublisherWorld Scientific Publishing Company
Place of publicationSingapore
SourceThe Encyclopedia of Medical Robotics
Google Scholar check
MetadataShow full item record
Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be a very sensitive method for the detection of breast cancer, offers a plethora of contrast mechanisms, high image quality and has no ionizing radiation. Fueled by continuous advances in MRI, established interpretation guidelines, and an ever growing availability of magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible breast biopsy systems, MRI of the breast is gaining popularity in clinical practice. Moreover, MRI can monitor and can facilitate the regulation of thermal- and cryoablations that emerge as breast conserving therapies. Currently MRI-guided breast interventions are multistep processes performed with the patient removed from the MRI secondary to the limited access to the patient inside the high-field scanners. To address this, groundbreaking works have introduced breast-specific MR-compatible robots to extend the presence of the interventionalist inside the scanner. Innovative works have introduced technology for the stabilization of breast tissue, computational methods for MR-guidance and multi-scale tissue characterization. Despite the potential benefits, MR-compatible robotic breast interventions are not clinically practiced. This chapter details the challenges of MRI-guided breast biopsy and therapeutics, proposed robotic solutions and outlines current trends.