Searching for Mediating Effects of Motivation and Socioeconomic Status on Student Achievement: Secondary Analysis of PISA 2018
PublisherΠανεπιστήμιο Κύπρου, Σχολή Κοινωνικών Επιστημών και Επιστημών Αγωγής / University of Cyprus, Faculty of Social Sciences and Education
Place of publicationCyprus
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Education has been always seen as one of the mechanisms to equalize social disparities. However, despite the efforts over the past decades, the achievement gap between high and low socioeconomic status (SES) students fails to close. Apart from the financial and intellectual differences, socioeconomic groups are expected to differ in more aspects of life. Academic motivation is considered one of the dispositional effects of SES, however, because of its multiformity as a concept its role is not clear yet. The present study builds upon the growing body of research on investigating indirect effects of academic motivation between SES and student outcomes in an effort to better conceptualize this phenomenon. We use data from PISA 2018 to investigate four motivational elements conducting comparative analysis across five countries. Mediating relationships were investigated with Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) to confirm path models. The results demonstrate that certain but not all motivational elements support the hypothesized partial mediation, significantly reducing the direct effect of SES on academic achievement in all countries. Consistent results for enjoyment of reading and expected occupational status advocate on tergeted practical efforts to foster motivation for lower SES students.