Survival estimation through the cumulative hazard function with monotone natural cubic splines
Georgiou, Stelios N.
PublisherSpringer Science & Business Media B.V
SourceLifetime Data Analysis
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In this paper we explore the estimation of survival probabilities via a smoothed version of the survival function, in the presence of censoring. We investigate the fit of a natural cubic spline on the cumulative hazard function under appropriate constraints. Under the proposed technique the problem reduces to a restricted least squares one, leading to convex optimization. The approach taken in this paper is evaluated and compared via simulations to other known methods such as the Kaplan Meier and the logspline estimator. Our approach is easily extended to address estimation of survival probabilities in the presence of covariates when the proportional hazards model assumption holds. In this case the method is compared to a restricted cubic spline approach that involves maximum likelihood. The proposed approach can be also adjusted to accommodate left censoring. ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]; Copyright of Lifetime Data Analysis is the property of Springer Science & Business Media B.V. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)