The role of thoracoscopy in paediatric spontaneous pneumothorax
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Spontaneous pneumothorax in children is an emergency. A rapid and structured treatment is necessary. Indicating clinical signs are dyspnoea with unilateral reduced breath sounds and hypersonic percussion note. Chest x-ray confirms diagnosis. CT scan shows detailed information's of pathological changes in lung tissue and offers important considerations for the therapy. Today video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) takes a central role in the treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax. Thoracoscopy completes diagnosis detecting the pathologies, which were missed in imaging procedures. Definitive surgical treatment is performed simultaneously in the same anaesthesia. © 2008 by Verlag Hans Huber, Hogrefe AG.