Crystal/glass phase change in KSb5S8 studied through thermal analysis techniques
Paraskevopoulos, K. M.
Kanatzidis, M. G.
SourceChemistry of Materials
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The reversible crystal-glass and glass-crystal transitions discovered in KSb5S8 were studied in detail with nonisothermal scanning calorimetry techniques. When cooled, molten KSb5S8 becomes a metastable glass, which can quantitatively revert to the crystalline form if heated above 277 °C. Crystalline KSb5S8 is a red semiconductor with a band gap of 1.82 eV, whereas the glass (also red) shows a lower but equally well-defined band gap of 1.67 eV. Two approaches have been used to analyze the glass transition. The activation energy of crystallization Ec was calculated using the Kissinger (∼167 ± 3.1 kJ/mol) and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa methods. The kinetic parameters and energy band gaps determined for KSb5S8 suggest possible utility of this system for phase-change, high-density optical data storage applications.
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