Qualitative visual image analysis of bruise age determination: a survey.
Pattichis, Constantinos S.
Neofytou, Marios S.
SourceConference proceedings : ...Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society.Conference
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The evaluation of bruise color imaging is a very important task in forensic medicine. However, there is no standardized methodology in carrying out this task. In this paper, an attempt was made to review the different papers published in the literature on the visual assessment of bruise age determination, and derive color charts of daily bruise aging. Based on the color charts derived, the following observations can be made: (i) the bruise is red for day 1, (ii) there is no dominant color for day 2, whereas for day 3, blue is becoming slightly dominant, (iii) green is becoming dominant for days 4-6, with yellow color emerging, (iv) for day 7, there is coexistence of green and yellow, (v) yellow is highly dominant for days 7 to 14, with brown emerging. These charts can serve as guidelines for the qualitative evaluation of bruise imaging by visual analysis. Clearly, the need exists for the quantitative analysis of bruise color imaging.