The complexity of synchronous iterative do-all with crashes
Shvartsman, A. A.
Source15th International Conference on DIStributed Computing, DISC 2001
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Do-All is the problem of performing N tasks in a distributed system of P failure-prone processors . Many distributed and parallel algorithms have been developed for this problem and several algorithm simulations have been developed by iterating Do-All algorithms. The efficiency of the solutions for Do-All is measured in terms of work complexity where all processing steps taken by the processors are counted. We present the first non-trivial lower bounds for Do-All that capture the dependence of work on N, P and f, the number of processor crashes. For the model of computation where processors are able to make perfect load-balancing decisions locally, we also present matching upper bounds. We define the r-iterative Do-All problem that abstracts the repeated use of Do-All such as found in algorithm simulations. Our f-sensitive analysis enables us to derive a tight bound for r-iterative Do-All work (that is stronger than the r-fold work complexity of a single Do-All). Our approach that models perfect load-balancing allows for the analysis of specific algorithms to be divided into two parts: (i) the analysis of the cost of tolerating failures while performing work, and (ii) the analysis of the cost of implementing load-balancing. We demonstrate the utility and generality of this approach by improving the analysis of two known efficient algorithms. Finally we present a new upper bound on simulations of synchronous shared-memory algorithms on crash-prone processors. © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001.