Ring contraction of 1,3-diphenylbenzo[1,2,4]triazinyl radicals to 1,2-diphenylbenzimidazoles
AuthorBerezin, Andrey A.
Koutentis, Panayiotis Andreas
SourceOrganic and Biomolecular Chemistry
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Reductive ring contraction of 1,3-diphenyl-1,4-dihydrobenzo[e][1,2,4] triazin-4-yls (Blatter's radicals) using zinc powder (2 equiv.) in acetic acid heated to ca. 118 °C gives 1,2-diphenylbenzimidazoles in high yield. 1,3-Diphenylbenzo[e][1,2,4]triazin-7(1H)-one and the zwitterionic tetraphenylhexaazaanthracene (TPHA) also undergo reductive ring contractions to give 1,2-diphenylbenzimidaz-6-ol and 1,2,6,7-tetraphenyl-1,7-dihydrobenzo[1,2-d: 4,5-d′]diimidazole, respectively. By using less zinc, the incomplete reduction of TPHA gave the stable organic radical 1,3,7,8-tetraphenyl-4,8- dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-g][1,2,4]benzotriazin-1-yl. Imidazolo-, oxazolo- and thiazolo-fused 1,2,4-benzotriazinyls all undergo zinc mediated ring contractions to give imidazolo-, oxazolo- and thiazolo-fused benzimidazoles in excellent yields. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014.