A DFT study of the ground state multiplicities of linear vs angular polyheteroacenes
SourceJournal of the American Chemical Society
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Unrestricted density functional calculations in combination with the broken-symmetry approach and spin-projection methods have been employed to study a series of formally 4n π antiaromatic linear and angular polyheteroacenes. Calculations show that the linear polyheteroacene molecules have either stable singlet zwitterionic 6-9 or singlet diradical 5 ground states because they sacrifice the aromaticity of the central arene to form two independent cyanines. The corresponding angular compounds 10-14 have robust triplet states, since they cannot create independent cyanines to escape their overall antiaromaticity. An analysis based on the SOMO-SOMO energy splittings, their spatial distributions, and the spin density populations for the triplet states is presented to clarify the factors that determine their ground state multiplicities.