Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of amphiphilic diblock copolymer emulsifiers based on methoxy hexa(ethylene glycol) methacrylate and benzyl methacrylate
AuthorHadjiyannakou, Stella C.
Patrickios, Costas S.
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Linear, amphiphilic diblock copolymers based on the nonionic, hydrophilic monomer methoxy hexa(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (HEGMA) and the hydrophobic monomer benzyl methacrylate (BzMA) of different molecular weights and compositions were synthesized by group transfer polymerization. The molecular weights and comonomer compositions of these copolymers were characterized by gel permeation chromatography and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy, respectively. Dynamic light scattering on aqueous solutions of the diblock copolymers indicated that all the copolymers formed aggregates whose size increased with the % w/w BzMA composition and with the overall molecular weight of the linear chains. Turbidimetry on 1%w/w aqueous copolymer solutions was used to determine the cloud points, which were found to increase with the composition in hydrophilic units and the linear chain molecular weight. After polymer characterization, xylene/water and diazinon (pesticide)/water emulsions were prepared using the above polymers as stabilizers at 1%w/w polymer concentration and at different overall organic phase/water ratios. At an organic phase/water mass ratio of 4/1, the lower molecular weight (2500 and 5000 g mol-1) diblock copolymers provided stable single-phase o/w emulsions, matching the behavior of commercially available hydrophilic Pluronics. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.