Megestrol acetate in cancer patients with anorexia and weight loss a hellenic co-operative oncology group (heCOG) study
AuthorSkarlos, Dimosthenis V.
Kosmidis, Paraskevas A.
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Fifty-two patients with hormone-independent cancer, who complained of anorexia and of weight loss with at least 10% received megestrol acetate (MA), 480 mg daily, during 1-21 weeks. of the 41 patients treated during 4 weeks or longer, 38 experienced weight gain. Monthly subjective evaluation of six parameters using a linear analog self-assessment (LASA) form showed a significant improvement in the patient's rating of appetite, mood, nausea and vomiting, and quality of life; the tumor was progressive in 21, stable in 11 and it regressed in only 9 of these patients. No toxicity was observed; one case of death due to a congestive heart failure remains unexplained. MA at the dose used is a powerful appetite stimulant; it contributes to weight increase and might improve the subjective appreciation of quality of life. MA at lower doses should be compared in a prospective trial to the dose used in this study. ©1993 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.