Lack of association between the platelet glycoprotein Ia C807T gene polymorphism and coronary artery disease: A meta-analysis
AuthorTsantes, Argirio E.
Nikolopoulos, Georgios K.
Bagos, Pantelis G.
Travlou, Anthi S.
SourceInternational journal of cardiology
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Background: The platelet-collagen receptor, glycoprotein (GP) la/lla plays a crucial role in the adhesion of platelets to fibrillar collagen, an event contributing to the pathogenesis of thrombosis. The C807T polymorphism of the GPla gene is considered a genetic marker of the platelet GPla/lla density. The importance of the GPla gene C807T polymorphism as a genetic risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD) remains controversial. To assess this association, we performed a meta-analysis of published data. Methods: A comprehensive meta-analysis of 19 studies, with a total sample of 13 835 subjects using random effects models. Results: The C versus T allele contrast gave an OR of 0.998 with 95% Cl 0.937-1.064. Similarly, comparing the C homozygotes with the T homozygotes, the CC genotype versus the others and the TT genotype versus the rest, no evidence of any gene-disease association was obtained. Furthermore, the meta-regression analysis did not disclose any variable that could modify the role of this polymorphism in the development of CAD. Conclusion: Our findings support the view that C807T polymorphism of the GPla gene is not a significant risk factor for CAD, either alone or in combination with other major cardiovascular risk factors. © 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.